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Alameda City USD  |  BP  6154  Instruction

Homework/Makeup Work   

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The Board of Education recognizes that meaningful homework assignments can be a valuable extension of student learning time while affirming that the school setting is the primary and most effective teaching and learning environment.

Homework serves to supplement and complement classroom instruction and the Board believes, as research supports, that student learning is positively affected when homework assignments are purposeful, engaging, and appropriate in quality and quantity. The purpose of homework is to promote high quality student learning and achievement, and to nurture a desire for students to extend their learning.

Homework assignments shall be reasonable in length and appropriate to the grade level and course. The Board expects that the number, frequency, and degree of difficulty of homework assignments will increase with the grade level and the maturity of students. Teachers shall assign homework only as necessary to fulfill academic goals and reinforce current instruction.

The following values are foundational to the district's vision for effective implementation of homework:

1. Parents/guardians and teachers shall be mindful of the need for students to live balanced lives so they may achieve optimal health, development and learning.

2. Homework shall have a positive impact on learning and achievement.

3. Homework shall have a positive impact on student attitude, self-esteem, and healthy development of the whole student.

4. Homework shall be the work of the student.

5. Teachers shall not be required to assign homework.

Homework is defined as school-related and assigned work completed beyond the regular school day. Homework may be assigned when necessary to support classroom lessons, enable students to complete unfinished assignments, or review and apply academic content for better understanding.

The Board acknowledges the body of scholarly research demonstrating the minimal to modest impact of homework on student achievement. This acknowledged research, including meta-analyses by researchers such as Harris Cooper and John Hattie, have been unable to reveal a significant positive impact at the elementary level and demonstrate a moderate positive impact at the secondary level, though this impact diminishes when the quantity of homework becomes too large.

SUPPORT

To further support students' homework efforts, the Superintendent or designee may establish and maintain telephone help lines, provide access to school library media centers and technological resources, and/or provide before-school and after-school programs where students can receive homework assistance from teachers, volunteers, and/or student tutors. The Board encourages the Superintendent or designee to design class and transportation schedules that will enable students to make use of homework support services.

(cf. 1240 - Volunteer Assistance)

(cf. 1700 - Relations between Private Industry and the Schools)

(cf. 3541 - Transportation Routes and Services)

(cf. 5148 - Child Care and Development)

(cf. 5148.2 - Before/After School Programs)

(cf. 6112 - School Day)

(cf. 6142.4 - Service Learning/Community Service Classes)

(cf. 6163.1 - Library Media Centers)

MAKEUP WORK

Students who miss school work shall be given the opportunity to complete all assignments and tests that can be reasonably provided. As determined by the teacher, the assignments and tests shall be reasonably equivalent to, but not necessarily identical to, the assignments and tests missed during the absence. Students shall receive full credit for work satisfactorily completed within a reasonable period of time. No late penalty need be imposed and no minimum penalty is established by this policy.

(cf. 5113 - Absences and Excuses)

For the purposes of this policy, a ‘reasonable period of time' shall be defined as at least two school days per day of absence.

(cf. 5113 - Absences and Excuses)

The Superintendent or designee shall notify parents/guardians that no student may have his/her grade reduced or lose academic credit for any excused absence when missed assignments and tests are satisfactorily completed within a reasonable period of time. Such notification shall include the full text of Education Code 48205. (Education Code 48980)

(cf. 5121 - Grades/Evaluation of Student Achievement)

(cf. 5145.6 - Parental Notifications)

The teacher of any class from which a student is suspended may require the student to complete any assignments and tests missed during the suspension. (Education Code 48913)

(cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)

COLLABORATION

The Superintendent or designee shall collaborate with school administrators and teachers to develop and regularly review guidelines for the assignment of homework and the related responsibilities of students, staff, and parents/guardians. One of the goals of collaboration shall be to establish common philosophies and practices across school sites, grade levels, and courses. Monthly site collaboration time as well as other staff meeting times may be used to create accessible common school-wide calendars, coordinate assignments to minimize overlapping tests and projects, and for discussion of best practices related to homework assignments.

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Ongoing professional development shall focus on the quality of homework. As needed, teachers may receive training in designing relevant homework assignments that reinforce classroom learning objectives. Professional development for teachers may include:

• Training in design of relevant homework assignments that reinforce classroom learning objectives

• Training in research-based practices for grading including the specific impact of zeros

• Training in best practices for each of the four types of homework

(cf. 4131 - Staff Development)

NOTIFICATION

At the beginning of the school year, teachers shall communicate homework expectations to students and their parents/guardians. Homework guidelines also shall be included in student and/or parent handbooks. These communications shall include the manner in which homework relates to achievement of academic standards and course content, the impact of homework assignments on students' grades, any school resources and programs that are available to provide homework support, and ways in which parents/guardians may appropriately assist their children.

Although it is the student's responsibility to undertake assignments independently, parents/guardians may serve as a resource and are encouraged to ensure that their child's homework assignments are completed. When a students repeatedly fails to complete their homework, the teacher shall notify the student's parents/guardians as soon as possible so that corrective action can be taken prior to the release of any final grades or report cards.

ANNUAL REVIEW

On an annual basis, the Superintendent or designee shall initiate evaluation of this policy and its regulations and provide recommendations for revision as needed.

Legal Reference:

EDUCATION CODE

48205 Absences for personal reasons

48913 Completion of work missed by suspended student

48980 Parental notifications

58700-58702 Tutoring and homework assistance program; summer school apportionment credit

Management Resources:

SBE POLICIES

Parent Involvement in the Education of Their Children, 1994

Policy Statement on Homework, 1995

Policy ALAMEDA UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT

adopted: August 25, 2009 Alameda, California

revised: June 25, 2019