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Antelope Valley Union HSD |  BP  5144  Students


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The Board of Trustees desires to provide a safe, supportive, and positive school environment conducive to student learning and to prepare students for responsible citizenship by fostering self-discipline and personal responsibility. The Board believes that high expectations for student behavior, use of effective school and classroom management strategies, and parent involvement can minimize the need for discipline.

The Superintendent or designee shall approve, for each school, a complement of effective, age-appropriate strategies for correcting student behavior. Such strategies may include, but are not limited to, conferences with students and their parents/guardians; use of study, guidance, or other intervention-related teams; enrollment in a program teaching prosocial behavior or anger management; and participation in a restorative justice program. Staff shall use preventative measures and positive conflict resolution techniques whenever possible. Disciplinary measures that may result in loss of instructional time or cause students to become disengaged from school, such as suspension and expulsion, shall be imposed only when required by law and when other means of correction have failed.

(cf. 5020 - Parent Rights and Responsibilities)

(cf. 5137 - Positive School Climate)

(cf. 5138 - Conflict Resolution/Peer Mediation)

(cf. 5145.9 - Hate-Motivated Behavior)

(cf. 6020 - Parent Involvement)

(cf. 6164.5 - Student Success Team)

Board policies and administrative regulations shall outline acceptable student conduct and provide the basis for sound disciplinary practices.

(cf. 5131 - Conduct)

(cf. 5131.1 - Bus Conduct)

(cf. 5131.2 - Bullying)

The administrative staff at each school may develop disciplinary rules to meet the school's particular needs. However, the rules shall be consistent with law, Board policy, and district regulations. The Board may review, at an open meeting, the approved school discipline rules for consistency with Board policy and state law. (Education Code 35291.5)

(cf. 9320 - Meetings and Notices)

At all times, the safety of students and staff and the maintenance of an orderly school environment shall be priorities in determining appropriate discipline. When misconduct occurs, staff shall attempt to identify the causes of the student's behavior and implement appropriate discipline. When choosing between different disciplinary strategies, staff shall consider the effect of each option on the student's health and opportunity to learn.

Persistently disruptive students may be assigned to alternative programs or removed from school in accordance with law, Board policy, and administrative regulation.

(cf. 0450 - Comprehensive Safety Plan)

(cf. 3515 - Campus Security)

(cf. 3515.3 - District Police/Security Department)

(cf. 4158/4258/4358 - Employee Security)

(cf. 5136 - Gangs)

(cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)

(cf. 5144.2 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process (Students with Disabilities))

(cf. 6159.4 - Behavioral Interventions for Special Education Students)

(cf. 6184 - Continuation Education)

(cf. 6185 - Community Day School)

Staff shall enforce disciplinary rules fairly, consistently, and in accordance with the district's nondiscrimination policies.

(cf. 0410 - Nondiscrimination in District Programs and Activities)

(cf. 5145.3 - Nondiscrimination/Harassment)

(cf. 5145.7 - Sexual Harassment)

The Superintendent or designee shall provide professional development as necessary to assist staff in developing consistent classroom management skills, implementing effective disciplinary techniques, and establishing cooperative relationships with parents/guardians.

(cf. 4131/4231/4331 - Staff Development)

The Board directs the Superintendent or designee to emphasize to all students the respect that is due to employees who are responsible for implementing this policy. It is the intent of the Board that students who have committed assault or battery, as defined in Sections 240 and 242 of the Penal Code, upon any school employee be recommended to the expulsion hearing panel for consideration of expulsion pursuant to provisions of Education Code 48915.

(cf. 5142 - Safety)

Students who have been convicted of, or had a "petition sustained for," a violent felony (e.g., assault with a weapon, battery, armed robbery, etc., as defined by Penal Code), a sex offense, or hate crime shall be prohibited from attending a comprehensive senior high or continuation school. The convicted student shall be required to attend a community school operated by the district or county for a minimum of one semester. Any exception to this policy shall be resolved through a hearing before the Board of Trustees.

(cf. 4158 - Employee Security)

(cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)

Shoplifting on School Grounds

Students who are suspected of shoplifting items from school cafeterias, student stores or other facilities on school grounds shall be referred to the Site Deputy for investigation of the matter and possible citation.

Disciplinary action for students guilty of shoplifting shall be according to provisions of Education Code 48900(g) and the adopted plan of each school site. Restitution and/or damages may be sought by the school according to provisions of the Penal Code. (Penal Code 490.5)

Law Enforcement Citations

Based upon Section 256 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, Deputy Campus Liaison Officers may issue citations to students who become involved in misdemeanors such as fighting (Penal Code 415), gambling (Penal Code 332), possession of marijuana (Penal Code 11357), littering, or students who become habitual truants (Vehicle Code section 13202.7, Education Code 48264). Students who are cited can receive a monetary fine, community service, and loss or suspension of their driver's license for up to one year.

Corporal Punishment

Corporal punishment shall not be used as a disciplinary measure against any student. Corporal punishment includes the willful infliction of, or willfully causing the infliction of, physical pain on a student. (Education Code 49001)

However, corporal punishment does not include any pain or discomfort suffered by a student as a result of his/her voluntary participation in an athletic or other recreational competition or activity. In addition, an employee's use of force that is reasonable and necessary to protect himself/herself, students, staff, or other persons, to prevent damage to property, or to obtain possession of weapons or other dangerous objects within the control of the student is not corporal punishment. (Education Code 49001)

(cf. 4158/4258/4358 - Employee Security)

(cf. 5131.7 - Weapons and Dangerous Instruments)

(cf. 6145.2 - Athletic Competition)

Legal Reference:


32280-32288 School safety plans

35146 Closed sessions

35291 Rules

35291.5-35291.7 School-adopted discipline rules

37223 Weekend classes

44807.5 Restriction from recess

48900-48926 Suspension and expulsion

48980-48985 Notification of parent/guardian

49000-49001 Prohibition of corporal punishment

49330-49335 Injurious objects


1714.1 Parental liability for child's misconduct


307 Participation in school activities until departure of bus

353 Detention after school

Management Resources:


Safe Schools: Strategies for Governing Boards to Ensure Student Success, October 2011

Maximizing Opportunities for Physical Activity during the School Day, Fact Sheet, 2009


Classroom Management: A California Resource Guide for Teachers and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2000


01-02 School Safety, Discipline, and Attendance, March 2001



California Department of Education:

U.S. Department of Education:


adopted: November 13, 1990 Lancaster, California

revised: March 1, 2000

revised: February 4, 2004

revised: April 3, 2013