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Legal Resources | United States Code, Title 20 |  T20  7141, 7141  

Subpart 3--General Provisions. Definitions   

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For the purposes of this part:

(1) Community-based organization

The term "community-based organization" means a private nonprofit organization which is representative of a community or significant segments of a community and which provides educational or related services to individuals in the community.

(2) Drug and violence prevention

The term "drug and violence prevention" means--

(A) with respect to drugs, prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral, or education related to the illegal use of alcohol and the use of controlled, illegal, addictive, or harmful substances, including inhalants and anabolic steroids;

(B) prevention, early intervention, smoking cessation activities, or education, related to the use of tobacco by children and youth eligible for services under this title; and (C) with respect to violence, the promotion of school safety, such that students and school personnel are free from violent and disruptive acts, including sexual harassment and abuse, and victimization associated with prejudice and intolerance, on school premises, going to and from school, and at school-sponsored activities, through the creation and maintenance of a school environment that is free of weapons and fosters individual responsibility and respect for the rights of others.

(3) Hate crime

The term "hate crime" means a crime as described in section 1(b) of the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990 [28 U.S.C. 534 note].

(4) Nonprofit

The term "nonprofit", as applied to a school, agency, organization, or institution means a school, agency, organization, or institution owned and operated by one or more nonprofit corporations or associations, no part of the net earnings of which inures, or may lawfully inure, to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

(5) School-aged population

The term "school-aged population" means the population aged five through 17, as determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data available from the Department of Commerce.

(6) School personnel

The term "school personnel" includes teachers, administrators, guidance counselors, social workers, psychologists, nurses, librarians, and other support staff who are employed by a school or who perform services for the school on a contractual basis.

(Pub. L. 89-10, title IV, Sec. 4131, as added Pub. L. 103-382, title I, Sec. 101, Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3689.)