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Burlingame SD |  BP  5030  Students

Student Wellness   

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The Board of Trustees recognizes the important connection between a healthy diet and a student's ability to learn effectively. The Board also acknowledges that schools play a vital role in childhood nutrition and fitness, and as part of the larger community, schools have a responsibility to promote family health and provide a strong foundation for the future health and well-being of its students. It further recognizes that significant research indicates a positive relationship between adequate nutrition and learning, resulting in academic success.

The Board also recognizes the link between student health and learning and desires to provide a comprehensive program promoting healthy eating and physical activity for district students. The Superintendent or designee shall coordinate and align district efforts to support student wellness through health education, physical education and activity, health services, nutrition services, psychological and counseling services, and a safe and healthy school environment. In addition, the Superintendent or designee shall develop strategies for promoting staff wellness and for involving parents/guardians and the community in reinforcing students' understanding and appreciation of the importance of a healthy lifestyle.

All employees of the district will support the implementation of the Wellness Policy and related Health and Physical Education policies.

The Superintendent or designee develops school district policies on nutrition and physical activity for recommendation to and approval by the Board of Trustees.

Coordinated School Health Committee

The Superintendent or designee shall build a coordinated school health system based on the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model that supports and reinforces student wellness through health education, physical education and activity, nutrition environment and services, health services, counseling, psychological and social services, social and emotional climate, physical environment, employee wellness, family engagement, and community involvement.

The Board will form a Coordinated School Health Committee, open to participation by parents/guardians, students, school food service professionals, school administrators, School Board representatives, teachers of physical education, classroom teachers, school health professionals, and members of the public to participate in the periodic review and update of the school wellness policy, and advise the Board on health-related issues, activities, policies, and programs. At the Board's discretion, the Committee charges may also include planning and implementing activities to promote health within the school community.

Program Implementation and Evaluation

The Board shall establish a plan for measuring implementation of the policy. The Superintendent or designee shall assess the implementation and effectiveness of this policy at least once every two years. The assessment shall include the extent to which district schools are in compliance with this policy, the extent to which this policy compares to model wellness policies available from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and a description of the progress made in implementing the wellness policy. The Superintendent or designee shall designate at least one person within the district and at each school who is charged with operational responsibility for ensuring that the school sites implement the district's wellness policy.

The Superintendent or designee shall recommend for Board approval specific quality indicators that will be used to measure the implementation of the policy district-wide and at each district school. These measures may include, but not be limited to, an analysis of the nutritional content of meals and snacks served in all district programs, based on a sample of menus and production records; student participation rates in school meal and/or snack, including the number of students enrolled in the free and reduced-price meals program compared to the number of students eligible for that program programs; feedback from food service personnel, school administrators, parents/guardians, students, and appropriate persons; extent to which foods sold on campus outside the food services program, such as through vending machines or student stores, comply with nutritional standards; descriptions of the district's nutrition education, physical education, and health education curricula and the extent to which they align with state academic content standards and legal requirements; results of the state's physical fitness test at applicable grade levels; number of minutes of physical education offered at each grade span; a description of district efforts to provide additional opportunities for physical activity outside of the physical education program; a description of other district-wide or school-based wellness activities offered, including the number of sites and/or students participating, as appropriate.

The Superintendent or designee shall inform and update the public, including parents/guardians, students, and others in the community, about the content and implementation of this policy and assessment results.

In addition, the assessment results shall be submitted to the Board for the purposes of evaluating policy and practice, recognizing accomplishments, and making policy adjustments as needed to focus district resources and efforts on actions that are most likely to make a positive impact on student health and achievement.

Nutrition Education

Nutrition education will be covered at each grade level and focused on behavioral change. Nutrition education will be taught in grades K-6. Nutrition education will be a component of comprehensive health education in grades 7 and 8. The Board recognizes that the ultimate goal of health education is to foster and promote health literacy.

The nutrition education program shall include, but not be limited to, information about the benefits of healthy eating for learning, disease prevention, weight, and oral health. Nutrition education shall be provided as part of the health education program and, as appropriate, shall be integrated into other academic subjects in the regular educational program, before- and after-school programs, summer learning programs, and school garden programs.

Physical Education and Physical Activity

The Board desires to provide a physical education program, which builds interest and proficiency in movement skills and encourages students' lifelong fitness through physical activity. Besides promoting high levels of personal achievement and a positive self-image, physical education activities should teach students how to cooperate in the achievement of common goals and be based on physical education content standards.

The Board recognizes the positive benefits of physical activity for student health and academic achievement and encourages each student to take advantage of the various opportunities for physical activity offered by the district.

Physical education will be delivered by a teacher credentialed to teach physical education, and students will participate in the state physical fitness test in grades 5 and 7. Individual test results will be made available to students and families.

Each school shall provide all students the opportunity, support and encouragement to be physically active on a regular basis through physical education and activity.

All students in grades one through six will receive physical education for a minimum of 200 minutes for every 10 school days.

All students in grades seven and eight will receive physical education for a minimum of 400 minutes for every 10 school days.

Physical education staff shall take special care to ensure that excessive physical exertion is not required of students who have informed staff of a heart or respiratory condition or other physical disability that may restrict such activity. An appropriate alternative shall be provided for these students.

Physical education staff shall appropriately limit the amount or type of physical exercise required of students during air pollution episodes, hot weather, or other inclement conditions.

With the consent of the student, the Superintendent or designee may grant temporary exemption from physical education under either of the following conditions:

1. A student is enrolled for one-half time or less.

2. A student is ill or injured and a modified program to meet his/her needs cannot be provided.

Physical activity will not be used or withheld as punishment.

The Board may enter into a joint use agreement or memorandum of understanding to make district facilities or grounds available for recreational or sports activities outside the school day and/or to use community facilities to expand students' access to opportunity for physical activity.

Safe Routes to School programs and activities encourage physical activity, bolster student safety, reduce traffic congestion, and have been shown to improve students' classroom concentration. The District supports a Safe Routes to School program and activities because active transportation increases physical activity levels for students, improves student health, decreases automobile congestion and related danger of injury to students, reduces air pollution and related greenhouse gas emissions, and improves attendance rates and student achievement.

Posting Requirements

Each district school shall post the district's policies and regulations on nutrition and physical activity in public view within all school cafeterias or in other central eating areas.

Maintenance of a Healthy Environment

All school sites will provide an environment where healthful eating behaviors are the norm and are modeled and reinforced. Adequate space in a pleasant surrounding will be provided to eat meals.

The Superintendent or designee will ensure practices are in place to foster mutual respect between service providers, school personnel, and students.

School sites shall develop goals and strategies for increasing student participation in the school lunch program.

All elementary school principals will evaluate primary grade schedules and if possible, promote playtime before eating lunch.

The Board recognizes that a safe, positive school environment is also conducive to students' physical and mental health and thus prohibits bullying and harassment of all students, as specified in the District's Positive School Climate policy.

Marketing, Advertising, and Nutrition Promotion

School based nutrition promotion and marketing will be consistent with the district's nutrition education and health promotion activities. As such, schools will limit food and beverage marketing to the promotion of beverages that meet the nutrition standards for meals or for foods and beverages sold or offered individually.

School-based marketing of brands promoting predominately low nutrition foods and beverages is prohibited. The Board prohibits the marketing and advertising of non-nutritious foods and beverages through signage, vending machine fronts, logos, school supplies, advertisements in school publications, and other means.


The Superintendent or designee shall ensure meals offered by the district's food service program meet all legal requirements for participation in the National School Lunch Program. To the extent permitted under the National School Lunch Program, students in all grades shall be allowed to decline a certain number of meal items they do not intend to consume. Meal programs must meet or exceed the nutrition recommendation of the United States Dietary Guidelines including:

1. No more than 30 percent of total calories from fat (averaged over a week)

2. No more than 10 percent of total calories from saturated fat (averaged over a week)

All foods during school hours shall be:

1. Selected so as to contribute to student's nutritional well-being and the prevention of disease

2. Prepared in ways that will appeal to students, retain nutritive quality and foster lifelong healthful eating habits

3. Provided to give a variety of healthy choices at all sites including ethnic and cultural favorites

A production system will be developed and implemented to reduce the use of prepackaged foods and increase the use of basic fresh foods that emphasize fruits, vegetables, whole grains and dairy foods which are low in fat, added sugars and sodium.

The use of fresh fruit and vegetables will be encouraged as well as promoting the intake of 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day.

Annual training will be provided for food service staff in food safety, marketing, preparation and service of health menu items.

The Superintendent or designee shall provide access to free, potable water during meal times in the food service area in accordance with Education Code 38086 and 42 USC 1758, and shall encourage students' consumption of water by educating them about the health benefits of water and serving water in an appealing manner.

Food and Beverage outside the School Meal Program

Any individual food items sold outside the federal reimbursable meal programs shall also meet local, state, and federal requirements. The term "sold" refers to any food or beverages provided to students on school grounds during school hours in exchange for money, coupons or vouchers. The term does not refer to food brought from home by students for individual consumption.

All food sold on school campuses during school hours must be from one or more of the following categories:

1. Milk and dairy products, including cheese, yogurt, frozen yogurt and ice cream

2. Full-strength fruit and vegetable juices and fruit drinks containing 50 percent or more full strength fruit juice, and fruit nectars containing 35 percent or more full-strength fruit juice with no added sweeteners. Water with no added sweeteners may also be sold. The middle school may sell electrolyte replacement beverages with no more than 42 grams of added sweeteners per 20 ounce serving

3. Fresh, frozen, canned, and dried fruits and vegetables

4. Nuts, seeds, and nut butters

5. Non-confection grain products including crackers, breadsticks, tortillas, pizza, pretzels, bagels, muffins and popcorn

6. Any food receiving prior approval by the Burlingame School District Food Services Department or the Superintendent

Individually sold food items must meet the following criteria:

1. Not more than 35 percent of the total calories of the food item, excluding nuts or seeds are from fat

2. Not more than 10 percent of its total calories shall be from saturated fat and trans fat combined (excluding eggs and cheese)

3. Not more than 35 percent of the total weight of the food item, excluding fruits or vegetables, is composed of sugar

Individually sold portions of nuts, nut butters, seeds, eggs, cheese packaged for individual sale, fruit, vegetables that have not been deep fried and legumes may also be sold. Individually sold dairy items and whole grain food items may be sold provided they meet the 35/10/35 guideline above and do not exceed 175 calories per individual food item for elementary schools and 250 calories at the middle school.

The Food Service Department will provide a list of foods that meet these criteria.

During school hours, home-prepared products will not be sold on any campus due to the potential of food-borne illness.

Food in the Classroom

The district recognizes the importance of celebrations and the inclusion of food as part of celebrating special events. However, the district makes a distinction between the occasional celebration and the use of sugary treats as a motivator or reward for classroom instructional activities. The use of food as a motivator or reward is strictly prohibited.

The district believes that all foods provided in the classrooms should support the health curriculum and promote optimal health. The district acknowledges that certain types of foods can contribute to childhood obesity and also acknowledges safety concerns for students who may have food allergies. To ensure safety and inclusion for all students the following shall be followed: food treats are not allowed to be brought to school in celebration of children's birthdays and alternative ways of celebrating these events are recommended; soda and sweetened beverages are not allowed; food for non-birthday classroom celebrations shall include no more than one sweet treat; no more than four celebrations per year that include food are allowed. Classroom celebrations shall be held either first thing in the morning by 9:00 a.m. for a healthy breakfast or held after the lunch period.

Middle school classroom celebrations are limited to one per trimester.

School staff shall encourage parents/guardians or other volunteers to support the District's nutrition education program by considering nutritional quality when selecting any food or beverage which they may donate for occasional class parties and by limiting foods or beverages that do not meet nutritional standards to no more than one food or beverage per celebration. Annually, parent education materials including the District's policy on celebratory foods and a guide on selecting celebratory foods compliant with the policy and celebratory non-food options, shall be included in all student registration packets and periodically throughout the year in other parent communications. Class parties or celebrations shall be held after the lunch period when possible.

Sanitation and safety procedures shall comply with the requirements of the California Uniform Retail Food Facilities Law as set forth in Health and Safety Code 113700-114455.

Legal Reference:


33350-33354 CDE responsibilities re: physical education

49430-49436 Pupil Nutrition, Health, and Achievement Act of 2001

49490-49494 School breakfast and lunch programs

49500-49505 School meals

49510-49520 Nutrition

49530-49536 Child Nutrition Act

49540-49546 Child care food program

49547-49548.3 Comprehensive nutrition services

49550-49561 Meals for needy students

49565-49565.8 California Fresh Start pilot program

49570 National School Lunch Act

51210 Course of study, grades 1-6

51220 Course of study, grades 7-12

51222 Physical education

51223 Physical education, elementary schools

51795-51796.5 School instructional gardens

51880-51921 Comprehensive health education


15500-15501 Food sales by student organizations

15510 Mandatory meals for needy students

15530-15535 Nutrition education

15550-15565 School lunch and breakfast programs


1751-1769 National School Lunch Program, especially:

1758b Local wellness policy

1771-1791 Child Nutrition Act, including:

1773 School Breakfast Program

1779 Rules and regulations, Child Nutrition Act


210.1-210.31 National School Lunch Program

220.1-220.21 National School Breakfast Program


Frazer v. Dixon Unified School District, (1993) 18 Cal.App.4th 781

Management Resources:


Building Healthy Communities: A School Leader's Guide to Collaboration and Community Engagement, 2009

Safe Routes to School: Program and Policy Strategies for School Districts, Policy Brief, 2009

Monitoring for Success: Student Wellness Policy Implementation Monitoring Report and Guide, 2007

Nutrition Standards for Schools: Implications for Student Wellness, Policy Brief, rev. October 2007

Physical Education and California Schools, Policy Brief, rev. October 2007

Student Wellness: A Healthy Food and Physical Activity Policy Resource Guide, rev. April 2006

School-Based Marketing of Foods and Beverages: Policy Implications for School Boards, Policy Brief, March 2006


Physical Education Framework for California Public Schools, Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve, 2009

Healthy Children Ready to Learn: A White Paper on Health, Nutrition, and Physical Education, January 2005

Health Framework for California Public Schools, Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve, 2003


Policy in Action: A Guide to Implementing Your Local School Wellness Policy, October 2006


Changing Lives, Saving Lives: A Step-by-Step Guide to Developing Exemplary Practices in Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Food Security in Afterschool Programs, March 2010


School Health Index for Physical Activity and Healthy Eating: A Self-Assessment and Planning Guide, 2005


Fit, Healthy and Ready to Learn, 2000


Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005

Changing the Scene, Improving the School Nutrition Environment: A Guide to Local Action, 2000



Action for Healthy Kids:

California Department of Education, Nutrition Services Division:

California Department of Public Health:

California Healthy Kids Resource Center:

California Project LEAN (Leaders Encouraging Activity and Nutrition):

California School Nutrition Association:

Center for Collaborative Solutions:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

Dairy Council of California:

National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity:

National Association of State Boards of Education:

National School Boards Association:

School Nutrition Association:

Society for Nutrition Education:

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Nutrition Service, wellness policy:


adopted: September 21, 2010 Burlingame, California

revised: May 8, 2012

revised: January 12, 2016

revised: August 14, 2018