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Carlsbad USD |  AR  5144.2  Students

Suspension And Expulsion/Due Process (Students With Disabilities)   

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A student identified as an individual with disabilities pursuant to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), 20 USC 1400-1482, is subject to the same grounds and procedures for suspension and expulsion which apply to students without disabilities, except as otherwise specified in this administrative regulation.

(cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)

Procedures for Students Not Yet Eligible for Special Education Services

A student who has not been officially identified as a student with disabilities pursuant to IDEA and who has violated the District's code of student conduct may assert the procedural safeguards granted under this administrative regulation only if the district had knowledge that the student is disabled before the behavior that precipitated the disciplinary action occurred. (20 USC 1415(k)(5)); 34 CFR 300.534

The District shall be deemed to have knowledge that the student has a disability if one of the following conditions exists: (20 USC 1415(k)(5); 34 CFR 300.527)

1.The parent/guardian has expressed concern to supervisory or administrative District personnel in writing, or orally if the parent/guardian does not know how to write or has a disability that prevents a written statement, that the student is in need of special education or related services.

2.The parent/guardian has requested an evaluation of the student for special education pursuant to 20 USC 1414(a)(1)(B) or 34 CFR 300.300-300.311.

(cf. 6164.4 - Identification of Individuals for Special Education)

3. The teacher of the student, or other District personnel, has expressed specific concerns directly to the District's director of special education or to other supervisory District personnel about a pattern of behavior demonstrated by the student.

The District would be deemed to not have knowledge that a student is disabled if the parent/guardian has not allowed the student to be evaluated for special education services or has refused services. In addition, the District would be deemed to not have knowledge if the District conducted an evaluation and determined that the student was not an individual with a disability. When the District is deemed to not have knowledge of the disability, the student shall be disciplined in accordance with procedures established for students without disabilities. (20 USC 1415(k)(5))

If a request is made for an evaluation of a student during the time period in which the student is subject to disciplinary measures, the evaluation shall be conducted in an expedited manner. Until the evaluation is completed, the student shall remain in the educational placement determined by school authorities. (20 USC 1415(k)(5); 34 CFR 300.527)

Suspension

The Superintendent or designee may suspend a student with a disability for up to 10 consecutive school days for a single incident of misconduct, and for up to 20 school days in a school year, as long as the suspension(s) does not constitute a change in placement pursuant to 34 CFR 300.519. (Education Code 48903; 34 CFR 300.530)

(cf. 6159 - Individualized Education Program)

The District shall determine, on a case-by-case basis, whether a pattern of removals of a student from his/her current educational placement for disciplinary reasons constitutes a change of placement. A change of placement shall be deemed to have occurred under any of the following circumstances: (34 CFR 300.536)

1.The removal is for more than 10 consecutive school days.

2. The student has been subjected to a series of removals that constitute a pattern because of all of the following:

a. The series of removals total more than 10 school days in a school year.

b. The student's behavior is substantially similar to his/her behavior in previous incidents that resulted in the series of removals.

c.Additional factors, such as the length of each removal, the total amount of time the student has been removed, and the proximity of the removals to one another, indicate a change of placement.

If a student's removal has been determined to be a change of placement as specified in items #1-2 above, the student's IEP team shall determine the appropriate educational services. (34CFR 300.530)

Services During Suspension

Any student suspended for more than 10 school days in a school year shall continue to receive services during the term of the suspension, to the extent necessary to provide the student a free and appropriate public education. (20 USC 1412(a)(1)(A); 34 CFR 300.520)

If a student with disabilities is excluded from school bus transportation, the student shall be provided with an alternative form of transportation at no cost to the student or parent/guardian, provided that transportation is specified in the student's IEP. (Education Code 48915.5)

(cf. 3541.2 - Transportation for Students with Disabilities)

Interim Educational Placement Due to Dangerous Behavior

A student with a disability may be placed in an appropriate interim alternative educational setting for up to 45 school days, without regard as to whether the behavior is a manifestation of the student's disability, when the student commits one of the following acts while at school, going to or from school, or at a school-related function: (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(G); 34 CFR 300.520)

1.Carries or possesses a weapon, as defined in 18 USC 930

2.Knowingly possesses or uses illegal drugs

3. Sells or solicits the sale of a controlled substance as identified in 21 USC 812(c), Schedules I-V

4. Inflicts serious bodily injury upon another person as defined in 18 USC 1365

The student's alternative educational setting shall be determined by his/her IEP team. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(G)); 34 CFR 300.531)

On the date the decision to take disciplinary action is made, the student's parent/guardian shall be notified of the decision and provided the procedural safeguards notice pursuant to 34 CFR 300.504. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(H); 34 CFR 300.530)

A student who has been removed from his/her current placement because of dangerous behavior shall receive services, although in another setting, to the extent necessary to allow him/her to participate in the general education curriculum and to progress toward meeting the goals set out in his/her IEP. As appropriate, the student shall also receive a functional behavioral assessment and behavioral intervention services modifications that are designed to address the behavior violation so that it does not occur. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(D); 34 CFR 300.530)

Procedural Safeguards/Manifestation Determination

The following procedural safeguards shall apply when a student is suspended for more than 10 consecutive school days, when a series of removals of a student constitutes a pattern, or when a change of placement of a student is contemplated due to a violation of the District's code of conduct:

1. The parents/guardians of the student shall be immediately notified of the decision and provided the procedural safeguards notice pursuant to 34 CFR 300.504 on the day the decision to take action is made. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(H); 34 CFR 300.530))

(cf. 5145.6 - Parental Notifications)

(cf. 6159.1 - Procedural Safeguards and Complaints for Special Education)

2. Immediately if possible, but in no case later than 10 school days after the date of the decision, a manifestation determination review shall be made of the relationship between the student's disability and the behavior subject to the disciplinary action. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(E); 34 CFR 300.530))

At the manifestation determination review, the relevant members of the IEP team, the District and parent/guardian shall review all relevant information in the student's file including the student's IEP, any teacher observations, and any relevant information provided by the parents/guardians to determine whether the conduct in question was either of the following: (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(E); 34 CFR 300.530))

a.Caused by, or had a direct and substantial relationship to, the student's disability

b. A direct result of the District's failure to implement the student's IEP

If the manifestation review team determines that the conduct was caused by either #a or #b above, the conduct shall be determined to be a manifestation of the student's disability. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(F))

3.Determination that Behavior is a Manifestation of the Student's Disability: When the student's conduct has been determined to be a manifestation of his/her disability, the IEP team shall conduct a functional behavioral assessment, unless one had been conducted before the occurrence of the behavior that resulted in the change of placement, and shall implement a behavioral intervention plan for the student. If a behavioral intervention plan has already been developed, the IEP team shall review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(F); 34 CFR 300.500))

The student shall be returned to the placement from which he/she was removed, unless the parent/guardian and Superintendent or designee agree to a change of placement as part of the modification of the behavioral intervention plan. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(F); 34 CFR 300.530)

4.Determination that Behavior is Not a Manifestation of the Student's Disability: When it has been determined that the student's conduct was not a manifestation of his/her disability, the student may be disciplined in accordance with the procedures for students without disabilities. However, the student's IEP team shall determine services necessary to enable him/her to participate in the general education curriculum in another setting and to allow him/her to progress toward meeting the goals set out in his/her IEP. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(D); 34 CFR 300.530))

As appropriate, the student also shall receive a functional behavioral assessment and behavioral intervention services and modifications that are designed to address the behavior violation so that it does not recur. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(D); 34 CFR 300.530)

Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Plan

The IEP team shall conduct a functional behavioral assessment and implementation plan for a student who has been removed because of dangerous behavior, or whose behavior was determined to be a manifestation of his/her disability, or whose behavior was determined not to be a manifestation of his/her disability. If the student already has an existing functional behavioral assessment, the team shall modify the assessment, as appropriate, to address the behavioral violation so that it does not recur. (20 USC 1415(k)(1)(C),(D), (F))

(cf. 6159.4 - Behavioral Interventions for Special Education Students)

Due Process Appeals

If the parent/guardian disagrees with the determination that the student's behavior was not a manifestation of his/her disability or with any decision regarding placement, the parent/guardian has a right to appeal the decision to a hearing officer. (20 USC 1415(k)(3); 34 CFR 300.525)

If the student's parent/guardian initiates a due process hearing to challenge the interim alternative educational placement or the manifestation determination, the student shall remain in the interim alternative educational setting pending the decision of the hearing officer or the expiration of the 45-day time period, whichever occurs first, unless the parent/guardian and District agree otherwise. (20 USC 1415(k)(4); 34 CFR 300.526)

If school personnel maintain that it is dangerous for the student to be placed in the current placement (placement prior to removal to the interim alternative education setting) while the due process proceedings are pending, the Superintendent or designee may request an expedited due process hearing. (20 USC 1415(k)(4); 34 CFR 300.533)

Services During Expulsion

Any student with a disability who is expelled shall continue to receive services during the term of the expulsion to the extent necessary to provide the student a free and appropriate public education. Any alternative program must provide services to the extent necessary to enable the student to appropriately progress in the general curriculum, although in another setting, and appropriately advance toward achieving the goals set out in the student's IEP. (20 USC 1412(a)(1)(A); 34 CFR 300.121, 300.520)

(cf. 6158 - Independent Study)

(cf. 6185 - Community Day School)

Readmission

Readmission procedures for students with disabilities shall be the same as those used for all students. Upon readmission, an IEP team meeting shall be convened.

Suspension of Expulsion

The Board of Trustees' criteria for suspending the enforcement of an expulsion order shall be applied to students with disabilities in the same manner as they are applied to all other students. (Education Code 48917)

Notification to Law Enforcement Authorities

Prior to the suspension or expulsion of any student with a disability, the principal or designee shall notify appropriate city or county law enforcement authorities of any act of assault with a deadly weapon which may have violated Penal Code 245. (Education Code 48902)

The principal or designee also shall notify appropriate city or county law enforcement authorities of acts by any student with a disability which may involve the possession or sale of narcotics or of a controlled substance or possession of weapons or firearms in violation of Penal Code 626.9 and 626.10. (Education Code 48902)

Within one school day after a suspension or expulsion of a student with disabilities, the principal or designee shall notify appropriate city or county law enforcement authorities, by

telephone or other appropriate means, of any act by the student which may violate Education Code 48900(c) or (d), relating to the possession, use, offering or sale of controlled substances, alcohol or intoxicants of any kind. (Education Code 48902)

(cf. 5131.7 - Weapons and Dangerous Instruments)

Report to County Superintendent of Schools

The Superintendent or designee shall report to the County Superintendent of Schools when any special education student has been expelled or suspended for more than 10 school days. The report shall include the student's name, last known address, and the reason for the action. (Education Code 48203)

Legal Reference:

EDUCATION CODE

35146 Closed sessions re: suspensions

35291 Rules of governing board

48203 Reports of severance of attendance of disabled students

48900-48925 Suspension and expulsion

49076 Access to student records

56000 Special education; legislative findings and declarations

56320 Educational needs; requirements

56321 Development or revision of individualized education program

56329 Independent educational assessment

56340-56347 Individualized education program teams

56505 State hearing

PENAL CODE

245 Assault with deadly weapon

626.2 Entry upon campus after written notice of suspension or dismissal without permission

626.9 Gun-Free School Zone Act

626.10 Dirks, daggers, knives, razors, or stun guns

UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 18

930 Weapons

1365 Serious bodily injury

UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 20

1412 State eligibility

1415 Procedural safeguards

UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 21

812 Controlled substances

UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 29

706 Definitions

794 Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Section 504

CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, TITLE 34

104.35 Evaluation and placement

104.36 Procedural safeguards

300.1-300.818 Assistance to states for the education of students with disabilities, especially:

300.530-300.537 Discipline procedures

COURT DECISIONS

Schaffer v. Weast, (2005) 546 U.S. 549

Parents of Student W. v. Puyallup School District, (1994 9th Cir.) 31 F.3d 1489

M.P. v. Governing Board of Grossmont Union High School District, (1994) 858 F.Supp. 1044

Honig v. Doe, (1988) 484 U.S. 305

Management Resources:

FEDERAL REGISTER

Rules and Regulations, August 14, 2006, Vol. 71, Number 156, pages 46539-46845

WEB SITES

California Department of Education, Special Education: http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/se

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs: http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/osers/osep

Regulation CARLSBAD UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT

approved: July 26, 2006 Carlsbad, California

revised: July 28, 2010

revised: September 12, 2012