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Carlsbad USD |  BB  9323.2  Board Bylaws

Actions By The Board   

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The Board of Trustees shall act by a majority vote of all of the membership constituting the Board, unless otherwise required by law. (Education Code 35164)

An "action" by the Board means: (Government Code 54952.6)

1. A collective decision by a majority of the Board members

2. A collective commitment or promise by a majority of the members to make a positive or negative decision

3. A vote by a majority of the members when sitting as the Board upon a motion, proposal, resolution, order or ordinance

The Board may take action in a regular meeting on a subject not listed on the published agenda only when it publicly identifies the item to be acted upon in conjunction with one of the following circumstances: (Government Code 54954.2)

1. When a majority of the Board determines that an emergency exists, as defined for emergency meetings pursuant to Government Code 54956.

(cf. 9320 - Meetings and Notices)

2. When fewer than five members are present, three votes must affirm that the need to take immediate action came to the District's attention after the agenda was posted.

3. Any interested person or the District Attorney's office may present a demand that the Board cure and correct a Board action which he/she alleges is in violation of Government Code 54954.2 (agenda posting), Government code 54953 (open meeting and teleconferencing), Government code 54954.5 (closed session item descriptions), Government Code 54954.6 (new or increased tax assessments), Government Code 54956 (special meetings), or Government Code 54956.5 (emergency meetings). (Government Code 54960.1)

4. The matter was properly posted for a previous meeting occurring not more than five days earlier and was continued to the meeting at which action is being taken.

(cf. 9322 - Agenda/Meeting Materials)

The Board shall not take action by secret ballot, whether preliminary or final. (Government Code 54953)

Actions taken by the Board in open session shall be recorded in the Board minutes. (Education Code 35145)

(cf. 9324 - Minutes and Recordings)

Challenging Board Actions

Any demand by the district attorney's office or any interested person to correct a Board action shall be presented to the Board in writing within 90 days of the date when the action was taken. Such demand shall allege a violation of any of the following: (Government Code 54960.1)

1. Government Code 54953, regarding open meeting and teleconferencing

2. Government Code 54954.5, regarding closed session item descriptions

3. Government Code 54954.6, regarding new or increased tax assessments

4. Government Code 54956, regarding special meetings

5. Government Code 54956.5, regarding emergency meetings

If the alleged violation concerns action taken in an open session but in violation of Government Code 54954.2 (agenda posting), the written demand must be made within 30 days of the date when the alleged action took place. (Government Code 54960.1)

Any demand to "cure and correct" an alleged violation shall clearly describe the challenged action and the nature of the alleged violation. (Government Code 54960.1)

Within 30 days of receiving the demand, the Board shall cure or correct the challenged action and inform the demanding party in writing of its actions to cure or correct. If the Board decides to not cure or correct the challenged action, the demanding party shall be informed in writing of that decision. (Government Code 54960.1)

If the Board takes no action within the 30-day review period, its inaction shall be considered a decision not to cure or correct the action. (Government Code 54960.1)

Legal Reference:


15266 School construction bonds

17466 Declaration of intent to sell or lease real property

17481 Lease of property with residence for nondistrict purposes

17510-17511 Resolution requiring unanimous vote of all members constituting board

17546 Private sale of personal property

17556-17561 Dedication of real property

17582-17583 District deferred maintenance fund

35140-35149 Meetings

35160-35178.4 Powers and duties

48660-48661 Community day schools establishment and restrictions


425.16 Special motion to strike in connection with a public issue

1245.240 Eminent domain vote requirements

1245.245 Eminent domain, resolution adopting different use


53090-53097.5 Regulation of local agencies by counties and cities

53724 Parcel tax resolution requirements

53790-53792 Exceeding the budget

53820-53833 Temporary borrowing

53850-53858 Temporary borrowing

54950-54963 The Ralph M. Brown Act, especially:

54952.6 Action taken, definition

54953 Meetings to be open and public; attendance; secret ballots

54960 Action to prevent violations

65352.2 Coordination with planning agency


3400 Bid specifications

20111 Contracts over $50,000; contracts for construction; award to lowest responsible bidder

20113 Emergencies, award of contracts without bids


Los Angeles Times Communications LLC v. Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, (2003) 112 Cal.App.4th 1313

McKee v. Orange Unified School District, (2003) 110 Cal.App.4th 1310

Bell v. Vista Unified School District, (2002) 82 Cal.App.4th 672

Boyle v. City of Redondo Beach, (1999) 70 Cal.App.4th 1109

Management Resources:


The Brown Act: School Boards and Open Meeting Laws, 2009


The Brown Act: Open Meetings for Local Legislative Bodies, 2003


Open and Public IV: A Guide to the Ralph M. Brown Act, 2007



California Attorney General's Office:

Institute of Local Government:


adopted: July 26, 2006 Carlsbad, California

revised: August 24, 2011