El Dorado Union HSD | BP 5144.1 Students
Suspension And Expulsion/Due Process
The Governing Board desires to provide District students access to educational opportunities in an orderly school environment that protects their safety and security, ensures their welfare and well-being, and promotes their learning and development. The Board shall develop rules and regulations setting the standards of behavior expected of District students and the disciplinary processes and procedures for addressing violations of those standards, including suspension and/or expulsion.
(cf. 5131 - Conduct)
(cf. 5131.1 - Bus Conduct)
(cf. 5131.2 - Bullying)
The grounds for suspension and expulsion and the procedures for considering, recommending, and/or implementing suspension and expulsion shall be only those specified in law, in this policy, and in the accompanying administrative regulation.
Except when otherwise permitted by law, a student may be suspended or expelled only when his/her behavior is related to a school activity or school attendance occurring within any District school or another school district, regardless of when it occurs, including, but not limited to, the following: (Education Code 48900(s))
1. While on school grounds.
2. While going to or coming from school.
3. During the lunch period, whether on or off the school campus.
(cf. 5112.5 - Open/Closed Campus)
4. During, going to, or coming from a school-sponsored activity.
District staff shall enforce the rules concerning suspension and expulsion of students fairly, consistently, equally, and in accordance with the District's nondiscrimination policies.
(cf. 0410 - Nondiscrimination in District Programs and Activities)
APPROPRIATE USE OF SUSPENSION AUTHORITY
Except when a student's act violates Education Code 48900(a)-(e), as listed in items #1-5 under "Grounds for Suspension and Expulsion" Grades K-12" of the accompanying administrative regulation, or when his/her presence causes a danger to others, suspension shall be used only when other means of correction have failed to bring about proper conduct. (Education Code 48900.5, 48900.6)
(cf. 5138 - Conflict Resolution/Peer Mediation)
(cf. 5144 - Discipline)
(cf. 6142.4 - Service Learning/Community Service Classes)
(cf. 6164.2 - Guidance/Counseling Services)
(cf. 6164.5 - Student Success Teams)
A student's parents/guardians shall be notified as soon as possible when there is an escalating pattern of misbehavior that could lead to on-campus or off-campus suspension.
Students shall not be suspended or expelled for truancy, tardiness, or absenteeism from assigned school activities.
(cf. 5113 - Absences and Excuses)
(cf. 5113.1 - Chronic Absence and Truancy)
To ensure the proper supervision and ongoing learning of students who are suspended for any of the reasons enumerated in Education Code 48900 and 48900.2, but who pose no imminent danger or threat to anyone at school and for whom expulsion proceedings have not been initiated, the Superintendent or designee shall establish a supervised suspension classroom program which meets the requirements of law.
Except where a supervised suspension is permitted by law for a student's first offense, supervised suspension shall be imposed only when other means of correction have failed to bring about proper conduct. (Education Code 48900.5)
AUTHORITY TO EXPEL
A student may be expelled only by the Board. (Education Code 48918(j))
As required by law, the Superintendent or principal shall recommend expulsion and the Board shall expel any student found to have committed any of the following "mandatory recommendation and mandatory expulsion" acts at school or at a school activity off school grounds: (Education Code 48915)
1. Possessing a firearm which is not an imitation firearm, as verified by a certificated employee, unless the student had obtained prior written permission to possess the item from a certificated school employee, with the principal or designee's concurrence.
(cf. 5131.7 - Weapons and Dangerous Instruments)
2. Selling or otherwise furnishing a firearm.
3. Brandishing a knife at another person.
6. Possessing an explosive as defined in 18 USC 921.
For all other violations listed in the accompanying administrative regulation under "Grounds for Suspension and Expulsion: Grades K-12" and "Additional Grounds for Suspension and Expulsion: Grades 4-12," the Superintendent or principal shall have the discretion to recommend expulsion of a student. If expulsion is recommended, the Board shall order the student expelled only if it makes a finding of either or both of the following: (Education Code 48915(b) and (e))
1. That other means of correction are not feasible or have repeatedly failed to bring about proper conduct.
2. That due to the nature of the violation, the presence of the student causes a continuing danger to the physical safety of the student or others.
A vote to expel a student shall be taken in an open session of a Board meeting.
The Board may vote to suspend the enforcement of the expulsion order pursuant to the requirements of law and the accompanying administrative regulation. (Education Code 48917)
No student shall be expelled for disruption or willful defiance. (Education Code 48900)
No child enrolled in a preschool program shall be expelled except under limited circumstances as specified in AR 5148.3 - Preschool/Early Childhood Education.
(cf. 5148.3 - Preschool/Early Childhood Education)
The Board shall provide for the fair and equitable treatment of students facing suspension and/or expulsion by affording them their due process rights under the law. The Superintendent or designee shall comply with procedures for notices, hearings, and appeals as specified in law and administrative regulation. (Education Codes 48911, 48915, 48915.5, 48918)
(cf. 5119 - Students Expelled from Other Districts)
(cf. 5144.2 - Suspension and Expulsion / Due Process (Students with Disabilities))
MAINTENANCE AND MONITORING OF OUTCOME DATA
The Superintendent or designee shall maintain outcome data related to student suspensions and expulsions in accordance with Education Code 48900.8 and 48916.1, including, but not limited to, the number of students recommended for expulsion, the grounds for each recommended expulsion, the actions taken by the Board, the types of referral made after each expulsion, and the disposition of the students after the expulsion period. For any expulsion that involves the possession of a firearm, such data shall include the name of the school and the type of firearm involved, as required pursuant to 20 USC 7961. Suspension and expulsion data shall be reported to the Board annually and to the California Department of Education when so required.
In presenting the report to the Board, the Superintendent or designee shall disaggregate data on suspensions and expulsions by school and by numerically significant student subgroups, including, but not limited to, ethnic subgroups, socioeconomically disadvantaged students, English learners, students with disabilities, foster youth, and homeless students. Based on the data, the Board shall address any identified disparities in the imposition of student discipline and shall determine whether and how the District is meeting its goals for improving school climate as specified in its local control and accountability plan.
(cf. 0460 - Local Control and Accountability Plan)
212.5 Sexual harassment
233 Hate violence
1981-1981.5 Enrollment of students in community school
8239.1 Prohibition against expulsion of preschool student
17292.5 Program for expelled students
32261 Interagency School Safety Demonstration Act of 1985
35145 Open board meetings
35146 Closed sessions (regarding suspensions)
35291 Rules (for government and discipline of schools)
35291.5 Rules and procedures on school discipline
48645.5 Readmission; contact with juvenile justice system
48660-48666 Community day schools
48853.5 Foster youth
4890048927 Suspension and expulsion
48950 Speech and other communication
48980 Parental notifications
49073-49079 Privacy of student records
52052 Numerically significant student subgroups
52060-52077 Local control and accountability plan
64000-64001 Consolidated application
47 Privileged communications
48.8 Defamation liability
CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE
1985-1997 Subpoenas; means of production
54950-54963 Ralph M. Brown Act
HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE
11014.5 Drug paraphernalia
11053-11058 Standards and schedules
230.7 Employee time off to appear in school on behalf of a child
31 Principal of a crime, defined
240 Assault defined
241.2 Assault fines
242 Battery defined
243.2 Battery on school property
243.4 Sexual battery
245 Assault with deadly weapon
261 Rape defined
266c Unlawful sexual intercourse
286 Sodomy defined
288 Lewd or lascivious acts with child under age 14
288a Oral copulation
289 Penetration of genital or anal openings
417.27 Laser pointers
422.55 Hate crime defined
422.6 Interference with exercise of civil rights
422.7 Aggravating factors for punishment
422.75 Enhanced penalties for hate crimes
626.2 Entry upon campus after written notice of suspension or dismissal without permission
626.9 Gun-Free School Zone Act of 1995
626.10 Dirks, daggers, knives, razors, or stun guns
868.5 Supporting person; attendance during testimony of witness
WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE
UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 18
921 Definitions, firearm
UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 20
1415(K) Placement in alternative educational setting
7961 Gun-free schools
UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 42
11432-11435 Education of homeless children and youths
T.H. v. San Diego Unified School District (2004) 122 Cal. App. 4th 1267
Woodbury v. Dempsey (2003) 108 Cal. App. 4th 421
Board of Education of Sacramento City Unified School District v. Sacramento County Board of Education and Kenneth H., (2001) 85 Cal. App. 4th 1321
Garcia v. Los Angeles Board of Education (1991) 123 Cal. App. 3d 807
Fremont Union High School District v. Santa Clara County Board (1991) 235 Cal. App 3d 118
John A. v. San Bernardino School District (1982) 33 Cal. 3d 301
ATTORNEY GENERAL OPINIONS
84 Ops. Cal. Atty. Gen. 146 (2001)
80 Ops. Cal. Atty. Gen. 348 (1997)
80 Ops. Cal. Atty. Gen. 91 (1997)
80 Ops. Cal. Atty. Gen. 85 (1997
US DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS PUBLICATIONS
Dear Colleague Letter on the Nondiscriminatory Administration of School Discipline, January 2014
California Attorney General(s Office: http://www.oag.ca.gov
California Department of Education: http://www.cde.ca.gov
U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights: http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/crdc-2012-data-summary.pdf
U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Healthy Students: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oese/oshs
Policy EL DORADO UNION HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT
adopted: June 2, 1992 Placerville, California
revised: June 14, 2016
revised: March 12, 2019