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Elk Grove USD  |  BP  5131  Students


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The Board of Education believes that all students have the right to be educated in a positive learning environment free from disruptions. To maintain such an environment, students, parents/guardians, staff and the Board all must understand and fulfill their responsibilities related to student conduct.

Student Responsibilities

The Board believes that it is important for students to understand that they have a choice to make regarding their actions and that appropriate conduct benefits both themselves and others. Students are encouraged to freely express their individuality as long as this expression does not infringe upon the rights of others or interfere with the instructional program. Behavior is considered appropriate when students are diligent in study, neat and clean, careful with school property, respectful towards their teachers, and courteous to other students, staff and volunteers. Students are expected to be punctual and regular in attendance and to remain on school premises in accordance with school rules. They are further expected to refrain from profane, vulgar or abusive language.

(cf. 5137 -Positive School Climate)

(cf. 5145.2 -Freedom of Speech/Expression: Publications Code)

(cf. 5145.7 -Sexual Harassment)

Students shall receive regular instruction in district and school rules and regulations related to conduct. Students who violate these rules and regulations may be subject to discipline, suspension, exclusion, expulsion or transfer to alternative programs.

(cf. 5112.2 -Exclusions from Attendance)

(cf. 5144 -Discipline)

(cf. 5144.1 -Suspension/Expulsion/Due Process)

(cf. 6184 -Continuation Education)

Parent/Guardian Responsibilities

Parents/guardians are expected to comply with laws governing the conduct and education of their children and to cooperate with school authorities regarding their children's behavior.

California law holds parents/guardians liable for any willful student misconduct, which results in the death or injury of any student or persons employed by or volunteering for the district. Parents/guardians are also liable for any defacement, injury or loss of property belonging to the district or to a school employee. (Education Code 48904)

(cf. 3515.4 -Recovery for Property Loss or Damage)

The Superintendent or designee shall ensure that parents/ guardians are annually informed of their liability for death, personal injury or district property damage resulting from willful student misconduct.

Parents/guardians shall also be informed that the district will not be responsible for damage caused by any student to any item of personal property, which another student brings to school.

District Responsibilities

The Board is responsible for prescribing behavioral and disciplinary guidelines for students. The Board shall give certificated staff all reasonable support with respect to student conduct and discipline.

The Superintendent or designee shall establish procedures necessary to enforce the Board's conduct and discipline policies and shall notify parents/guardians of the availability of these policies and procedures at the beginning of each school year.

(cf. 5145.6 -Notifications Required by Law)

The school principal shall establish and enforce school rules that conform with district procedures and that foster safety and good citizenship. He/she shall ensure that students are informed of these rules when they enroll and at the beginning of each school year.

Teachers shall establish and enforce classroom rules that facilitate safety and effective learning. They shall cooperate with other certificated staff in enforcing general school rules and helping students to understand the benefits of choosing behaviors that show respect for other people and property.

(cf. 5131.1 -Bus Conduct)

(cf. 5142 -Safety)

Legal Reference:


200-262.4 Prohibition of discrimination

32280-32289 Comprehensive safety plan

35181 Governing board authority to set policy on responsibilities of students

35291-35291.5 Rules

44807 Duty concerning conduct of students

48900-48925 Suspension and expulsion

51512 Prohibition against electronic listening or recording device in classroom without permission


1714.1 Liability of parents and guardians for willful misconduct of minor


288.2 Harmful matter with intent to seduce

313 Harmful matter

417.25-417.27 Laser scope or laser pointer

647 Use of camera or other instrument to invade person's privacy; misdemeanor

653.2 Electronic communication devices, threats to safety


23123-23124 Prohibitions against use of electronic devices while driving


300-307 Duties of students


2000h-2000h6 Title IX, 1972 Education Act Amendments


J.C. v. Beverly Hills Unified School District, (2010) 711 F.Supp.2d 1094

LaVine v. Blaine School District, (2000, 9th Cir.) 257 F.3d 981

Emmett v. Kent School District No. 415, (2000) 92 F.Supp. 1088

Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser, (1986) 478 U.S. 675

New Jersey v. T.L.O., (1985) 469 U.S. 325

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, (1969) 393 U.S. 503

Management Resources:


Safe Schools: Strategies for Governing Boards to Ensure Student Success, 2011

Providing a Safe, Nondiscriminatory School Environment for All Students, Policy Brief, April 2010

Cyberbullying: Policy Considerations for Boards, Policy Brief, July 2007


Bullying at School, 2003



California Department of Education, Safe Schools Office:

Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use:

National School Boards Association:

National School Safety Center:

U.S. Department of Education:


adopted: October 29, 1984 Elk Grove, California

revised: October 17, 1994