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Elk Grove USD  |  BB  9323.2  Board Bylaws

Actions By The Board   

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An "action" by the Board means:

1. A collective decision by a majority of the Board members,

2. A collective commitment by a majority of the members to make a positive or negative decision, or

3. A vote by a majority of the members when sitting as the Board. (Government Code 54952.6)

(cf 9320 -Meetings and Notices)

The Board may take action in a regular meeting on a subject not listed on the published agenda only when it publicly identifies the item to be acted upon in conjunction with one of the following circumstances: (Government Code 54954.2)

1. The Board, by majority vote of its members, determines that the action responds to an emergency situation. Pursuant to Government Code 54956.5, an emergency situation is a work stoppage, crippling disaster, or other activity, which severely impairs public health or safety.

2. The Board determines, either by a two-thirds majority of its members or, if unavailable, by the unanimous vote of all members present, that the need to take immediate action came to the district's attention after the posting of the agenda.

3. The matter was properly posted for a previous meeting occurring not more than five days earlier and was continued to the meeting at which action is being taken.

(cf. 9320 -Meetings and Notices)

(cf. 9322 -Agenda /Meeting Materials)

The Board shall not take action by secret ballot, whether preliminary or final. (Government Code


Actions taken by the Board in open session shall be recorded in the Board minutes. (Education Code 35145)

(cf. 9324 -Minutes and Recordings)

Challenging Board Actions

Any demand to correct a Board action because of an alleged violation of open meeting requirements shall be presented to the Board in writing within 90 days of the date when the

action was taken. If the alleged violation of the Brown Act concerns action taken in violation of agenda requirements, the written demand must be made within 30 days of the date when the alleged action took place. The demand shall clearly describe the challenged action and the nature of the alleged violation. Within 30 days of receiving the demand, the Board shall review the action in question and shall inform the demanding party in writing of its decision to correct or not to correct the action. (Government Code 54960.1)

Legal Reference:


15266 School construction bonds

17466 Declaration of intent to sell or lease real property

17481 Lease of property with residence for nondistrict purposes

17510-17511 Resolution requiring unanimous vote of all members constituting board

17546 Private sale of personal property

17556-17561 Dedication of real property

17582-17583 District deferred maintenance fund

35140-35149 Meetings

35160-35178.4 Powers and duties

48660-48661 Community day schools, establishment and restrictions


425.16 Special motion to strike in connection with a public issue

1245.240 Eminent domain vote requirements

1245.245 Eminent domain, resolution adopting different use


53090-53097.5 Regulation of local agencies by counties and cities

53724 Parcel tax resolution requirements

53790-53792 Exceeding the budget

53820-53833 Temporary borrowing

53850-53858 Temporary borrowing

54950-54963 The Ralph M. Brown Act, especially:

54952.6 Action taken, definition

54953 Meetings to be open and public; attendance; secret ballots

54960-54960.5 Actions to prevent violations

65352.2 Coordination with planning agency


3400 Bid specifications

20111 Contracts over $50,000; contracts for construction; award to lowest responsible bidder

20113 Emergencies, award of contracts without bids


Los Angeles Times Communications LLC v. Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors (2003) 112 Cal.App.4th 1313

McKee v. Orange Unified School District (2003) 110 Cal.App.4th 1310

Bell v. Vista Unified School District (2002) 82 Cal.App.4th 672

Boyle v. City of Redondo Beach (1999) 70 Cal.App.4th 1109

Management Resources:


The Brown Act: School Boards and Open Meeting Laws, 2009


The Brown Act: Open Meetings for Local Legislative Bodies, 2003


Open and Public IV: A Guide to the Ralph M. Brown Act, 2007



California Attorney General's Office:

Institute of Local Government:


adopted: October 1, 1984 Elk Grove, California

revised: April 3, 1989

revised: November 16,1992

revised: June 6, 1994