(a) The Legislature reaffirms that campus law enforcement agencies have the primary authority for providing police or security services, including the investigation of criminal activity, to their campuses.
(b) The Trustees of the California State University, the Regents of the University of California, and the governing board of independent postsecondary institutions, as defined, shall adopt rules requiring each of their respective campuses to enter into written agreements with local law enforcement agencies that clarify operational responsibilities for investigations of Part 1 violent crimes, sexual assaults, and hate crimes occurring on each campus.
(c) Local law enforcement agencies shall enter into written agreements with campus law enforcement agencies if there are college or university campuses of the governing entities specified in subdivision (b) located in the jurisdictions of the local law enforcement agencies.
(d) Each written agreement entered into pursuant to this section shall designate which law enforcement agency shall have operational responsibility for the investigation of each Part 1 violent crime, sexual assault, and hate crime, and delineate the specific geographical boundaries of each agency's operational responsibility, including maps as necessary.
(e) A written agreement entered into pursuant to this section shall be reviewed, updated if necessary, and made available for public viewing by July 1, 2016, and every five years thereafter.
(f) Each agency shall be responsible for its own costs of investigation unless otherwise specified in a written agreement.
(g) Nothing in this section shall affect existing written agreements between campus law enforcement agencies and local law enforcement agencies that otherwise meet the standards contained in subdivision (d) or any existing mutual aid procedures established pursuant to state or federal law.
(h) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the authority of campus law enforcement agencies to provide police services to their campuses.
(i) As used in this section, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) "Local law enforcement agencies" means city or county law enforcement agencies with operational responsibilities for police services in the community in which a campus is located.
(2) "Part 1 violent crimes" means willful homicide, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, as defined in the Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(3) "Hate crime" means any offense described in Section 422.55 of the Penal Code.
(4) "Sexual assault" includes, but is not limited to, rape, forced sodomy, forced oral copulation, rape by a foreign object, sexual battery, or threat of any of these.
(5) "Independent postsecondary institutions" means institutions operating pursuant to Section 830.6 of the Penal Code or pursuant to a memorandum of understanding as described in subdivision (b) of Section 830.7 of the Penal Code.
(j) This section shall be known and may be cited as the Kristin Smart Campus Safety Act of 1998.
(k) It is the intent of the Legislature by enacting this section to provide the public with clear information regarding the operational responsibilities for the investigation of crimes occurring on university and college campuses by setting minimum standards for written agreements to be entered into by campus law enforcement agencies and local law enforcement agencies.
(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 701, Sec. 1.)