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Escondido Union ESD |  BB  9223  Board Bylaws

Filling Vacancies   

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A vacancy on the Board of Education may occur for any of the following events:

1. The death of an incumbent. (Government Code 1770)

2. The adjudication pursuant to a quo warranto proceeding declaring that an incumbent is physically or mentally incapacitated due to disease, illness, or accident, and that there is reasonable cause to believe that the incumbent will not be able to perform the duties of his/her office for the remainder of his/her term. (Government Code 1770)

3. A board member's resignation. (Government Code 1770)

A vacancy resulting from resignation occurs when the written resignation is filed with the County Superintendent of Schools having jurisdiction over the district, except where a deferred effective date is specified in the resignation so filed, in which case the resignation shall become operative on that date. Upon being filed with the county superintendent, a written resignation, whether specifying a deferred effective date or otherwise, shall be irrevocable. (Education Code 5090, 5091)

A board member may not defer the effective date of his/her resignation for more than 60 days after he/she files the resignation with the county superintendent.

4. A board member's removal from office, including recall. (Government Code 1770; Elections Code 11384)

5. A board member's ceasing to be resident of the district. (Government Code 1770)

A vacancy on the board also occurs when a board member ceases to inhabit the trustee area which he/she represents on the board. (58 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 888 (1975))

6. A board member's absence from the state for more than 60 days, except in any of the following situations: (GC 1064, 1770)

a. Upon business of the school district with the approval of the board

b. With the consent of the board for an additional period not to exceed a total absence of 90 days

In the case of illness or other urgent necessity, and upon a proper showing thereof, the time limited for absence from the state may be extended by the board.

c. For federal military deployment not to exceed six months as a member of the armed forces of the United State or the California National Guard

If the absence of the board member for this purpose exceeds six months, the board may approve an additional six-month absence upon a showing that there is a reasonable expectation that the member will return within the second six-month period, and the board may appoint an interim member to serve in his/her absence. If two or more members of the board are absent by reason of these circumstances, and those absences result in the inability to establish a quorum at a regular meeting, the board may immediately appoint one or more interim members, as necessary to enable the board to conduct business and discharge its responsibilities. The term of an interim member appointed in these circumstances shall not extend beyond the return of the absent board member or beyond the next regularly scheduled election for that office, whichever occurs first.

7. A board member's ceasing to discharge the duties of his/her office for the period of three consecutive months, except when prevented by sickness or when absent from the state with the permission required by law. (Government Code 1770)

8. A board member's conviction of a felony or any offense involving a violation of his/her official duties or conviction of a designate crime resulting in a forfeiture of office. (Government Code 1770, 3000-3003)

9. A board member's refusal or neglect to file his/her required oath or bond within the time prescribed. (Government Code 1770)

(cf. 9224 - Oath or Affirmation)

10. The decision of a competent tribunal declaring void a board member's election or appointment. (Government Code 1770)

11. A board member's commitment to a hospital or sanitarium by a court of competent jurisdiction as a drug addict, dipsomaniac, inebriate, or stimulant addict; in this event, the office shall not be deemed vacant until the order of commitment has become final. (Government Code 1770)

12. A "failure to elect" when either no candidate or an insufficient number of candidates have filed to run for a board seat(s). (Education Code 5090, 5326, 5328)

Timelines for Filling a Vacancy

When a vacancy occurs, the board shall take the following action, as appropriate:

1. When a vacancy occurs less than four months before the end of a board member's term, the board shall take no action. (Education Code 5093)

2. If a vacancy occurs four or more months before the end of a board member's term, the board shall, within 60 days of the date of the vacancy or the filing of the board member's deferred resignation, order an election or make a provisional appointment, unless a special election is mandated as described below. (Education Code 5091, 5093)

3. When a vacancy occurs from six months to 130 days before a regularly scheduled board election at which the position is not scheduled to be filled, a special election to fill the position shall be consolidated with the regular election. The person so elected shall take office at the first regularly scheduled board meeting following the certification of the election and shall serve only until the end of the term of the position, which he/she was elected to fill. (Education Code 5093)


In order to be appointed or elected to fill a vacancy on the board, a person must meet the eligibility requirements specified in Education Code 35107.

(cf. 9220 - Board of Education Elections)

Provisional Appointment

When the special election described above is not required, the board may make a provisional appointment, within time limits set by law, as follows: (Education Code 5091, 5093)

1. Advertise the vacancy in suitable local media

2. Solicit applications or nominations of any legally qualified citizen interested in serving on the board. In order to serve on the board, a person must meet the eligibility requirements specified in Education Code 35107.

(cf. 9220 - Board of Education Elections)

3. Appoint a committee consisting of less than a quorum of the board to ensure that applicants are eligible for board membership. (Education Code 35107)

* If a district employee is appointed or elected to the board, they must resign his/her position before being sworn in or have his/her employment automatically terminated upon being sworn into the office. (Education Code 35107)

4. Provide candidates with appropriate information regarding board member responsibilities

5. Announce names of candidates and accept public input either in writing or at a public meeting

6. Interview the candidates at a public meeting

7. Select the provisional appointee by majority vote at a public meeting

(cf. 9130 - Board Committees)

(cf. 9323.2 - Actions by the Board)

Under exceptional circumstances, the board may, by unanimous vote, nominate and appoint, on its own motion, a provisional appointee to the board without following the above-listed procedures. Such appointee must be a legally qualified citizen, committed to serving on the board, and uniquely qualified or situated to carry forward the mission, values, and vision of the board and/or the previous board member who he/she will succeed.

Within 10 days after the appointment is made, the board shall post notices of the vacancy, or the filing of a deferred resignation, and the provisional appointment. The notice shall be published in the local newspaper pursuant to Government Code 6061 and posted in at least three public places. (Education Code 5092)

The notice shall contain: (Education Code 5092)

1. The date of the occurrence of the vacancy or the date of the filing of, and the effective date of, the resignation

2. The full name of the appointee

3. The date of appointment

4. A statement notifying the voters that unless a petition calling for a special election, pursuant to Education Code 5091, is filed in the office of the County Superintendent of Schools within 30 days of the provisional appointment, it shall become an effective appointment

The person appointed shall hold office until the next regularly scheduled election for district board members and shall be afforded all the powers and duties of a board member upon appointment. (Education Code 5091)

Appointment Due to Failure to Elect

When a vacancy occurs because no person or an insufficient number of candidates have been nominated (i.e., a failure to elect), and a district election will not be held, the board shall appoint a qualified person to the office. This appointment shall be made at a meeting prior to the day fixed for the election and the appointee shall be seated at an organizational meeting as if elected at the district election. (Education Code 5328)

(cf. 9100 - Organization)

When an appointment is being made because of a failure to elect, the district shall publish a notice once in a newspaper of general circulation published in the district, or if no such newspaper exists, a newspaper having general circulation within the district. This notice shall state that the board intends to make an appointment and shall inform persons of the procedure available for applying for the appointment. (Education Code 5328.5)

The procedure for selecting and interviewing candidates shall be the same as the procedures for "Provisional Appointment," as specified above.

Legal Reference:


5000-5033 Elections

5090-5095 Vacancies

5200-5208 Districts governed by boards of education

5300-5304 Elections

5320-5329 Order and call of election

5340-5345 Consolidation of elections

5360-5363 Election notice

5420-5426 Cost of elections

5440-5442 Miscellaneous provisions, elections

35107 Eligibility of board members

35178 Resignation with deferred effective date


10600-10604 School district elections

11381-11386 Candidates for recall


1064 Absence from state

1770 Vacancies: definition

3000-3003 Forfeiture of office

3060-3075 Removal other than by impeachment

6061 One time notice

54950-54963 The Ralph M. Brown Act


88 Bribery, forfeiture from office


704 Military medals or decorations


58 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 888 (1975)

Management Resources:


Filling a Board Vacancy, rev. December 2010



California State Attorney General's Office, Quo Warranto Applications:


adopted: October 23, 2003 Escondido, California

revised: February 3, 2005

revised: September 29, 2005

revised: March 12, 2009

revised: May 24, 2012

revised: September 10, 2015