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Escondido Union ESD |  BP  5121  Students

Grades/Evaluation Of Student Achievement   

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The Board of Education believes that grades serve a valuable instructional purpose by helping students and parents/guardians identify the student's areas of strength and those areas needing improvement. Students and parents/guardians have the right to receive course grades that represent an accurate evaluation of the student's achievement. Grades should be based on impartial, consistent observation of the quality of the student's work, and his/her mastery of course content and objectives. Students shall have the opportunity to demonstrate this mastery through a variety of methods such as classroom participation, homework, and various types of assessments.

(cf. 5020 - Parent Rights and Responsibilities)

The teacher of each course shall determine the student's grade. The grade assigned by the teacher shall not be changed by the board or the superintendent except as provided by law, board policy, and administrative regulation. (Education Code 49066)

Teachers shall evaluate a student's work in relation to standards, which apply to all students at his/her grade level. The superintendent or designee shall establish and regularly evaluate a uniform grading system, and principals shall ensure that student grades conform to this system. Teachers shall inform students and parents/guardians how student achievement will be evaluated in the classroom.

(cf. 5124 - Communication with Parents/Guardians

(cf. 6011 - Academic Standards)

Grades and Unexcused Absences

Students in kindergarten through fifth grade shall receive narrative evaluations rather than letter grades in order to give parents/guardians more information about their children's developmental levels and also promote students' self-esteem and experiences of success.

If a student misses class without an excuse and does not subsequently turn in homework, take a test, or fulfill particular class requirements, which he/she missed, the teacher may lower the student's grade for nonperformance. If a student receives a failing grade because of nonperformance due to excessive absences, school records shall specify that the grade was given because of excessive absences. (Education Code 49067)

(cf. 5113 - Absences and Excuses)

(cf. 5125 - Student Records)

(cf. 6154 - Homework/Makeup Work)

Citizenship and Effort

The student's behavior and effort shall be reported in separate evaluations, not in his/her academic grade or academic narrative report.

Parent/Guardian Notification

Teachers are advised to inform parents/guardians and students about the class grading system at the beginning of the school year. (Education Code 49067)

1. End of Term Progress Reports - All parents/guardians are to be notified of their child's progress at the end of each reporting period.

2. Mid-term Progress Reports - Parents/guardians of K-5 students will receive a progress report at whatever point within the reporting period the teacher determines that:

a. The student is working with difficulty at the grade level; or

b. The student is demonstrating a major decline in performance.

All parents/guardians of grades 6-8 students will receive a progress report near the middle of each reporting period. In addition, parents/guardians of grades 6-8 students will receive a progress report at whatever point within the reporting period the teacher determines:

1. The student is in danger of receiving a D or F; or

2. The student is demonstrating a major decline in performance.

Parents/guardians may request information regarding their child's progress at any time.

(cf. 5113 - Absences and Excuses)

(cf. 5123 - Promotion/Acceleration/Retention)

(cf. 5124 - Communication with Parents/Guardians)

(cf. 6154 - Homework/Make-up Work)

Legal Reference:


41505-41508 Pupil Retention Block Grant

48070 Promotion and retention

48205 Excused absences

49066 Grades; finalization; physical education class

49067 Mandated regulations regarding student's achievement

49069.5 Students in foster care, grades and credits


10060 Criteria for reporting physical education achievement, high schools


1232g Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

6101-6251 School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994


Owasso Independent School District v. Falvo (2002) 122 S.Ct. 934

Las Virgenes Educators Association v. Las Virgenes Unified School District (2nd Appellate District 2001) 86 Cal.App.4th 1

Swany v. San Ramon Valley Unified School District (N.D.Cal. 1989) 720 F.Supp. 764

Johnson v. Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District Board of Education (App. 2 Dist. 1986) 224 Cal. Rptr. 885, 179 C.A. 3d 593

Management Resources:


Elementary Makes the Grade!, 2001



Advanced Placement Challenge Project:


adopted: October 23, 2003 Escondido, California