(a) The governing board of each school district maintaining any or all of grades 2 to 9, inclusive, shall offer, and a charter school may offer, programs of direct, systematic, and intensive supplemental instruction to pupils enrolled in grades 2 to 9, inclusive, who have been recommended for retention or who have been retained pursuant to Section 48070.5. A school district or charter school may require a pupil who has been retained to participate in supplemental instructional programs. Notwithstanding the requirements of this section, the school district or charter school shall provide a mechanism for a parent or guardian to decline to enroll his or her child in the program. Attendance in supplemental instructional programs shall not be compulsory within the meaning of Section 48200.
(b) Supplemental educational services pursuant to subdivision (a) may be offered during the summer, before school, after school, on Saturdays, or during intersession, or in a combination of summer school, before school, after school, Saturday, or intersession instruction. Services shall not be provided during the pupil's regular instructional day. Any minor pupil whose parent or guardian informs the school district that the pupil is unable to attend a Saturday school program for religious reasons, or any pupil 18 years of age or older who states that he or she is unable to attend a Saturday school program for religious reasons, shall be given priority for enrollment in supplemental instruction offered at a time other than Saturday, over a pupil who is not unable to attend a Saturday school program for religious reasons.
(c) For purposes of this section, a pupil shall be considered to be enrolled in a grade immediately upon completion of the preceding grade. Summer school instruction may also be offered to pupils who were enrolled in grade 6 during the prior school year. For ninth grade pupils identified in subdivision (a), summer school instruction may also be offered to pupils who were enrolled in grade 9 during the prior school year.
(d) Each school district or charter school shall use results from tests administered under the Standardized Testing and Reporting Program, established pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 60640) of Chapter 5 of Part 33 or other evaluative criteria to identify eligible pupils pursuant to subdivision (b).
(e) An intensive remedial program in reading or written expression offered pursuant to this section shall, as needed, include instruction in phoneme awareness, systematic explicit phonics and decoding, word attack skills, spelling and vocabulary, explicit instruction of reading comprehension, writing, and study skills.
(f) Each school district or charter school shall seek the active involvement of parents and classroom teachers in the development and implementation of supplemental instructional programs provided pursuant to this section.
(g) It is the intent of the Legislature that pupils who are at risk of failing to meet state adopted standards, or who are at risk of retention, be identified as early in the school year and as early in their school careers as possible, and be provided the opportunity for supplemental instruction sufficient to assist them in attaining expected levels of academic achievement.
(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, neither the State Board of Education nor the Superintendent of Public Instruction may waive any provision of this section.
(i) School districts are relieved from the obligation to perform any activities under this section that are deemed to be reimbursable state mandates pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution from the date that the act amending this subdivision in 2010 is enacted until July 1, 2013.
(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 724, Sec. 12.)