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Escondido Union HSD  |  BP  5131.7  Students

Weapons And Dangerous Instruments   

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The Governing Board recognizes that students and staff have the right to a safe and secure campus free from psychological and physical harm and desires to protect them from the dangers presented by firearms and other weapons.

(cf. 0450 - Comprehensive Safety Plan)

(cf. 5116.1 - Intradistrict Open Enrollment)

(cf. 5131 - Conduct)

(cf. 5144 - Discipline)

Possession of Weapons

The Governing Board desires students at school to be free from the fear and danger presented by firearms and other weapons. The Board therefore prohibits students from possessing weapons, replicas of weapons, or dangerous instruments of any kind in school buildings, on school grounds or buses, or at any school-related or school-sponsored activity away from school.

Unless he/she has obtained prior written permission as specified below, any student who is determined to have brought a firearm to school or possessed a firearm at school, as verified by a school employee, shall be expelled for not less than one year, except that the Board may set an earlier date for readmission on a case-by-case basis, in accordance with Board policy and administrative regulation. (20 USC 7151; Education Code 48915)

(cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)

(cf. 5144.2 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process (Individuals with Disabilities))

Any school employee may confiscate any weapon, dangerous instrument or replica from any person on school grounds under the power granted to the Board to maintain order and discipline in the schools and to protect the safety of students, staff and the public.

(cf. 3514 - Safety)

(cf. 4158/4258/4358 - Employee Security)

Students possessing, exhibiting or threatening others with a weapon are subject to suspension and expulsion in accordance with law, Board policy and administrative regulation.

Students also may be suspended if they threaten others or disrupt school activities by exhibiting a replica of a weapon.

(cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)

The principal or designee shall notify law enforcement authorities when any student possesses a firearm, explosive, or other dangerous weapon or instrument without permission, sells or furnishes a firearm, or commits any act of assault with a firearm or other weapon. (20 USC 7151; Education Code 48902; Penal Code 245, 626.9, 626.10)

(cf. 3515.2 - Disruptions)

Possession of Pepper Spray

The Board recognizes that students age 16 or older may legally possess tear gas or tear gas weapons such as pepper spray for the purpose of self-defense. However, to prevent potential misuse that may harm students or staff, students are prohibited from carrying such items on campus or at school activities.

Zero Tolerance

State law requires the Superintendent or designee to immediately suspend and recommend for expulsion any student who brings a firearm to school. Unless the particular circumstances of a case indicate that expulsion is inappropriate, the district shall take similar action when students knowingly bring any other weapons to school or participate in any fighting that inflicts serious bodily injury on another person. In addition to a suspension and possible expulsion, these students shall be reported to law enforcement authorities for prosecution of Penal Code violations.

Reporting of Dangerous Objects

The Board encourages students to promptly report the presence of weapons, injurious objects or other suspicious activity to school authorities. The identity of a student who reports such activity shall remain confidential to the extent permitted by law.

Advance Permission for Possession of a Weapon for Educational Use

A student who desires to possess a firearm, imitation firearm, or other prohibited weapon on school grounds for an educational purpose shall request prior permission from the principal at least five school days in advance of the planned possession. The student's parent/guardian shall provide written permission explaining the planned use of the weapon and the duration. The student shall also submit a written explanation from the staff person responsible for the school-sponsored activity or class.

On a case-by-case basis, the principal shall determine whether to grant permission for such possession when necessary for a school-sponsored activity or class or as part of the educational program. Factors that shall be considered include, but are not limited to, the planned use of the weapon, the duration and location of the planned use, whether an audience is expected, and any perceived adverse effects to the safety and well-being of students or staff. If the principal grants such permission, he/she shall provide the student and staff person with a written explanation regarding any limitations and the permissible duration of the student's possession.

When the principal or designee grants permission, he/she shall take all necessary precautions to ensure the safety of all persons on school grounds, including, but not limited to, inspecting a firearm to verify that no live ammunition is present. Any weapon allowed shall be stored in a locked vehicle or in an appropriate, locked container before and after its authorized use.

A student granted permission to possess a weapon may be suspended and/or expelled if he/she possesses or uses the weapon inappropriately.

Legal Reference:


35291 Governing board to prescribe rules for discipline of the schools

48900 Grounds for suspension/expulsion

48902 Notification of law enforcement authorities

48915 Required recommendation for expulsions

48916 Readmission

49330-49335 Injurious objects


245 Assault with deadly weapon

417.4 Imitation firearm; drawing or exhibiting

626.9 Gun-Free School Zone Act of 1995

626.10 Dirks, daggers, knives, razor or stun gun; bringing or possessing in school

653k Soliciting a minor to commit certain felonies

12001 Control of deadly weapons

12020-12036 Unlawful carrying and possession of concealed weapons

12220 Unauthorized possession of a machine gun

12401-12404 Tear gas

12550-12556 BB devices and imitation firearms


6301-7941 No Child Left Behind Act, especially:

7151 Gun-Free Schools Act

Management Resources:


0401.01 Protecting Student Identification in Reporting Injurious Objects


Guidance Concerning State and Local Responsibilities Under the Gun-Free Schools Act, January 2004



California Department of Education, Safe Schools:

National Alliance for Safe Schools:

National School Safety Center:

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Drug Free Schools:


adopted: September 20, 2011 Escondido, California