Field Services and Standards For Recruitment and Training; Racial Profiling
(a) On or before August 1, 1993, the commission shall develop and disseminate guidelines and training for all law enforcement officers in California as described in subdivision (a) of Section 13510 and who adhere to the standards approved by the commission, on the racial and cultural differences among the residents of this state. The course or courses of instruction and the guidelines shall stress understanding and respect for racial and cultural differences, and development of effective, noncombative methods of carrying out law enforcement duties in a racially and culturally diverse environment.
(b) The course of basic training for law enforcement officers shall, no later than August 1, 1993, include adequate instruction on racial and cultural diversity in order to foster mutual respect and cooperation between law enforcement and members of all racial and cultural groups. In developing the training, the commission shall consult with appropriate groups and individuals having an interest and expertise in the field of cultural awareness and diversity.
(c) For the purposes of this section, "culturally diverse" and "cultural diversity" include, but are not limited to, gender and sexual orientation issues. The Legislature finds and declares as follows:
(1) Racial profiling is a practice that presents a great danger to the fundamental principles of a democratic society. It is abhorrent and cannot be tolerated.
(2) Motorists who have been stopped by the police for no reason other than the color of their skin or their apparent nationality or ethnicity are the victims of discriminatory practices.
(3) It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting the changes to Section 13519.4 of the Penal Code made by the act that added this subdivision that more than additional training is required to address the pernicious practice of racial profiling and that enactment of this bill is in no way dispositive of the issue of how the state should deal with racial profiling.
(4) The working men and women in California law enforcement risk their lives every day. The people of California greatly appreciate the hard work and dedication of law enforcement officers in protecting public safety. The good name of these officers should not be tarnished by the actions of those few who commit discriminatory practices.
(d) "Racial profiling," for purposes of this section, is the practice of detaining a suspect based on a broad set of criteria which casts suspicion on an entire class of people without any individualized suspicion of the particular person being stopped.
(e) A law enforcement officer shall not engage in racial profiling.
(f) Every law enforcement officer in this state shall participate in expanded training as prescribed and certified by the Commission on Peace Officers Standards and Training. Training shall begin being offered no later than January 1, 2002. The curriculum shall be created by the commission in collaboration with a five-person panel, appointed no later than March 1, 2001, as follows: the Governor shall appoint three members and one member each shall be appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules and the Speaker of the Assembly. Each appointee shall be appointed from among prominent members of the following organizations:
(1) State Conference of the NAACP.
(2) Brotherhood Crusade.
(3) Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund.
(4) The League of United Latin American Citizens.
(5) American Civil Liberties Union.
(6) Anti-Defamation League.
(7) California NOW.
(8) Asian Pacific Bar of California.
(9) The Urban League.
(g) Members of the panel shall not be compensated, except for reasonable per diem expenses related to their work for panel purposes.
(h) The curriculum shall utilize the Tools for Tolerance for Law Enforcement Professionals framework and shall include and examine the patterns, practices, and protocols that make up racial profiling. This training shall prescribe patterns, practices, and protocols that prevent racial profiling. In developing the training, the commission shall consult with appropriate groups and individuals having an interest and expertise in the field of racial profiling. The course of instruction shall include, but not be limited to, adequate consideration of each of the following subjects:
(1) Identification of key indices and perspectives that make up cultural differences among residents in a local community.
(2) Negative impact of biases, prejudices, and stereotyping on effective law enforcement, including examination of how historical perceptions of discriminatory enforcement practices have harmed police-community relations.
(3) The history and the role of the civil rights movement and struggles and their impact on law enforcement.
(4) Specific obligations of officers in preventing, reporting, and responding to discriminatory or biased practices by fellow officers.
(5) Perspectives of diverse, local constituency groups and experts on particular cultural and police-community relations issues in a local area.
(i) Once the initial basic training is completed, each law enforcement officer in California as described in subdivision (a) of Section 13510 who adheres to the standards approved by the commission shall be required to complete a refresher course every five years thereafter, or on a more frequent basis if deemed necessary, in order to keep current with changing racial and cultural trends.
(j) The Legislative Analyst shall conduct a study of the data being voluntarily collected by those jurisdictions that have instituted a program of data collection with regard to racial profiling, including, but not limited to, the California Highway Patrol, the City of San Jose, and the City of San Diego, both to ascertain the incidence of racial profiling and whether data collection serves to address and prevent such practices, as well as to assess the value and efficacy of the training herein prescribed with respect to preventing local profiling. The Legislative Analyst may prescribe the manner in which the data is to be submitted and may request that police agencies collecting such data submit it in the requested manner. The Legislative Analyst shall provide to the Legislature a report and recommendations with regard to racial profiling by July 1, 2002.
(Amended by Stats. 2001, Ch. 854, Sec. 63.)