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Hope ESD  |  BP  5111.1  Students

District Residency   

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The Board of Trustees desires to admit all students who reside within district boundaries or who fulfill the district residency requirements through other means as allowed by law. The Superintendent or designee shall develop procedures to facilitate the receipt and verification of students' proof of residency.

The Board of Trustees of Hope Elementary School District (hereinafter "the district") recognizes the basic principle that a student should attend a school in the district in which the student resides. Therefore, the primary residence of a student attending a district school shall fall within the boundaries of the district (Education code 48201). (Please see Exhibit 1 attached, the Hope District map, which delineates the boundaries of the district, adopted on December 19, 1996.).

Primary residence is defined as the student's permanent residence and the place where the student physically resides for at least 50% of the school days and nights, during the months of September through June.

(cf. 5116 - School Attendance Boundaries)

The Superintendent or designee shall annually notify parents/guardians of all existing attendance options available in the district, including, but not limited to, all options for meeting residency requirements for school attendance. (Education Code 48980)

(cf. 5116.1 - Intradistrict Open Enrollment)

(cf. 5117 - Interdistrict Attendance)

(cf. 5145.6 - Parental Notifications)

The Superintendent or designee shall require parents/guardians to provide documentation of the student's residency upon admission to a district school. A copy of the document or written statement offered as verification of residency shall be maintained in the student's mandatory permanent record. The Superintendent or designee may annually verify the student's residency and retain a copy of the document or written statement offered as verification in the student's mandatory permanent record. (5 CCR 432)

(cf. 5111 - Admission)

(cf. 5125 - Student Records)

When establishing students' residency for enrollment purposes, the Superintendent or designee shall not inquire into the citizenship or immigration status of students or their family members.

(cf. 5145.13 - Response to Immigration Enforcement)

The district may require a notarized statement of a student's residency as part of the verification of residency.

Upon enrollment of a student who resides in the home of a caregiving adult within the district boundaries, the caregiving adult shall execute, under penalty of perjury, the affidavit specified in Family Code 6552.

(cf. 5141 - Health Care and Emergencies)

Reasonable evidence of residency may be established by documentation including, but not limited to, any of the following:

Home Owner

1. Grant Deed with County Recorder's stamp


2. Latest Property Tax Statement


3. Most current utility bill (gas or electric) - Not cable or telephone


1. Lease or Rental Contract from Owner or Rental Property Manager


2. Receipts for deposits, current rental or lease payments


3. Notarized letter from landlord verifying residence and including his/her name, address and telephone number - the landlord in turn will need to prove home ownership as listed above


4. Most current utility bill (gas or electric) - Not cable or telephone

New Home Owner

Final escrow closing documents - closing statement showing date of close of escrow.

Safe at Home Program

When a victim of domestic violence or stalking participating in the Safe at Home Program presents an actual residence address to establish residency within district boundaries, the Superintendent or designee shall not include the actual address in the student's file or any other public record and shall instead use the substitute address designated by the Secretary of State for all future communications and correspondence. (Government Code 6207)

(cf. 3580 - District Records)

(cf. 5125 - Student Records)

Revocation of Student Enrollment in District

Student Discontinuance of Residency in District

If for any reason a student who had previously resided within district boundaries as delineated in Exhibit 1 moves out of the district boundaries, the student will be released from the district within 30 calendar days. The superintendent has the authority to extend this release date for up to 90) calendar days in cases where special circumstances may exist and in which parents or legal guardians have promptly notified the district of their residency change.

A student's enrollment may be denied when the submitted documentation is insufficient to establish district residency. In any such case, the Superintendent or designee shall notify the parent/guardian in writing, including specific reasons for the denial.

Investigation of Residency

When the Superintendent or designee reasonably believes that a student's parent/guardian has provided false or unreliable evidence of residency, he/she may make reasonable efforts to determine that the student meets district residency requirements. An investigation may be initiated when the Superintendent or designee is able to identify specific, articulable facts supporting the belief that the parent/guardian has provided false or unreliable evidence of residency. (Education Code 48204.1, 48204.2)

The Superintendent or designee may assign a trained district employee to conduct the investigation. The investigation may include the examination of records, including public records, and/or interviews of persons who may have knowledge of the student's residency.

If necessary, the Superintendent or designee may employ the services of a private investigator to conduct the investigation. Before hiring a private investigator, the Superintendent or designee shall make other reasonable efforts to determine whether the student resides in the district. (Education Code 48204.2)

The investigation shall not include the surreptitious collection of photographic or videographic images of and public view. (Education Code 48204.2)

Any employee or contractor engaged in the investigation shall truthfully identify himself/herself as an investigator to individuals contacted or interviewed during the course of the investigation. (Education Code 48204.2)

Home Owner

Appeal of Enrollment Denial

If the Superintendent or designee, upon investigation, determines that a student does not meet district residency requirements and denies the student's enrollment in the district, he/she shall provide the student's parent/guardian an opportunity to appeal that determination. (Education Code 48204.2)

The Superintendent or designee shall send the student's parent/guardian written notice specifying the basis for the district's determination. This notice shall also inform the parent/guardian that he/she may, within 10 school days, appeal the decision and provide new evidence of residency.

The burden shall be on the parent/guardian to show why the district's determination to deny enrollment should be overruled. (Education Code 48204.2)

A student who is currently enrolled in the district shall be allowed to remain in attendance at his/her school pending the results of the appeal. A student who is not currently enrolled in the district shall not be permitted to attend any district school unless his/her appeal is successful.

In an appeal of the Superintendent's determination that district residency requirements were not met, the Board shall review any evidence provided by the parent/guardian or obtained during the district's investigation and shall make a decision at its next regularly scheduled meeting following the parent/guardian's request for the appeal. The Board's decision shall be final.

Legal Reference:


220 Prohibition of discrimination

234.7 Student protections relating to immigration and citizenship status

35160.5 Intradistrict open enrollment

35351 Assignment of students to particular schools

46600-46611 Interdistrict attendance permits

48050-48054 Nonresidents

48200-48208 Compulsory education law, especially:

48204 Residency requirements

48204.1-48204.4 Evidence of residency

48300-48317 Student attendance alternatives, school district of choice program

48350-48361 Open Enrollment Act transfers

48645.5 Former juvenile court school students, enrollment

48852.7 Education of homeless students; immediate enrollment

48853.5 Education of foster youth; immediate enrollment

48980 Notifications at beginning of term

52317 Regional occupational program, admission of persons including nonresidents


6550-6552 Caregivers


6205-6210 Confidentiality of residence for victims of domestic violence


432 Retention of student records


1229c Immigration and Nationality Act


11431-11435 McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act


Katz v. Los Gatos-Saratoga Joint Union High School District, (2004) 117 Cal.App.4th 47

Plyler v. Doe, 457 U.S. 202 (1982)


adopted: October 12, 2009 Santa Barbara, California

revised: May 14, 2012

revised: January 22, 2013

revised: December 10, 2018