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Meals for Needy Pupils in Kindergarten and Grades 1 to 12   

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(a) For purposes of this section, a "very high poverty school" is a school that enrolls pupils in kindergarten or in any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, and is eligible to receive the free federal reimbursement rate for all reimbursable school breakfasts and lunches served, pursuant to the Community Eligibility Provision in Section 1759a of Title 42 of the United States Code.

(b) (1) In order to provide pupils in very high poverty schools with optimal nutrition for learning and to ensure that schools receive the maximum federal meal reimbursement, a school district or a county superintendent of schools shall provide breakfast and lunch free of charge to all pupils at a very high poverty school pursuant to this section, except as provided in subdivision (c).

(2) On or before September 1, 2018, a school district or county superintendent of schools that has a very high poverty school in its jurisdiction shall apply to operate a federal universal meal service provision, which may include, but is not limited to, the Community Eligibility Provision or Provision 2, pursuant to Section 1759a of Title 42 of the United States Code.

(3) A school district or county superintendent of schools shall begin providing a universal meal service pursuant to Section 1759a of Title 42 of the United States Code to all pupils at a very high poverty school upon state approval to operate a universal meal service. A school district or county superintendent of schools may stop providing the universal meal service at a school if the school ceases to be a very high poverty school.

(c) The governing board of a school district or county office of education may adopt a resolution stating that it is unable to comply with, and demonstrating the reasons why it is unable to comply with, the requirements of this section due to fiscal hardship. The resolution shall be publicly noticed on at least two consecutive meeting agendas, on the first meeting agenda as an information item and on the second meeting agenda as an action item. If the resolution is approved by at least a majority of the governing board of the school district or county office of education, the school district or county office of education is exempt from the requirements of subdivision (b). The governing board of the school district or county office of education shall reconsider the resolution at least once every four years.

(d) For purposes of this section, a charter school shall be considered a very high poverty school only if it participates in the federal National School Lunch Program or the federal School Breakfast Program, or both, and meets the description in subdivision (a). A charter school that is a very high poverty school shall comply with the requirements specified in subdivision (b), and the governing body of such charter school may exercise the authority specified in subdivision (c).

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 724, Sec. 3.)