Computation of Time Periods: Twelve Workweeks; Minimum Duration.
(a) CFRA leave does not need to be taken in one continuous period of time. It cannot exceed more than 12 workweeks total for any purpose in a 12-month period.
(b) If the leave is common to both CFRA and FMLA, this 12-month period will run concurrently with the 12-month period under FMLA. An employer may choose any of the methods allowed in the FMLA regulations, issued January 6, 1995, 29 C.F.R. Part 825, section 825.200, subdivision (b), for determining the 12-month period in which the 12 weeks of leave entitlement occurs. The employer must, however, apply the chosen method consistently and uniformly to all employees.
(c) ?Twelve workweeks? as that term is defined in section 11087(q), means the equivalent of 12 of the employee's normally scheduled workweeks. For eligible employees who work more or less than five days a week, or who work on alternative work schedules, the number of working days that constitutes 12 workweeks is calculated on a pro rata or proportional basis.
(1) For example, for a full time employee who works five eight-hour days per week, 12 workweeks means 60 working and/or paid eight-hour days of leave entitlement. For an employee who works half time, 12 workweeks may mean 30 eight-hour days or 60 four-hour days, or 12 workweeks of whatever is the employee's normal half-time work schedule. For an employee who normally works six eight-hour days, 12 workweeks means 72 working and/or paid eight-hour days of leave entitlement.
(2) If an employee takes leave on an intermittent or reduced work schedule, only the amount of leave actually taken may be counted toward the 12 weeks of leave to which the employee is entitled. For example, if an employee needs physical therapy that requires an absence from work of two hours a week, only those two hours can be charged against the employee's CFRA leave entitlement.
(3) If a holiday falls within a week taken as CFRA leave, the week is nevertheless counted as a week of CFRA leave. If, however, the employer's business activity has temporarily ceased for some reason and employees generally are not expected to report for work for one or more weeks, (e.g., a school closing for two weeks for the Christmas/New Year holiday or summer vacation or an employer closing the plant for retooling), the days the employer's activities have ceased do not count against the employee's CFRA entitlement.
(d) Minimum duration for CFRA leaves taken for the birth, adoption, or foster care placement of a child. CFRA leave taken for reason of the birth, adoption, or foster care placement of a child of the employee does not have to be taken in one continuous period of time. Any leave(s) taken shall be concluded within one year of the birth or placement of the child with the employee in connection with the adoption or foster care of the child by the employee. The basic minimum duration of the leave shall be two weeks. However, an employer shall grant a request for a CFRA leave of less than two weeks' duration on any two occasions.
(e) Minimum duration for CFRA leaves taken for the serious health condition of a parent, child, or spouse or for the serious health condition of the employee. Where CFRA leave is taken for a serious health condition of the employee's child, parent or spouse or of the employee, leave may be taken intermittently or on a reduced work schedule when medically necessary, as determined by the health care provider of the person with the serious health condition. An employer may limit leave increments to the shortest period of time that the employer's payroll system uses to account for absences or use of leave.
(1) If an employee needs intermittent leave or leave on a reduced work schedule that is foreseeable based on planned medical treatment for the employee or a family member, the employer may require the employee to transfer temporarily to an available alternative position. This alternative position must have the equivalent rate of pay and benefits, the employee must be qualified for the position, and it must better accommodate recurring periods of leave than the employee's regular job. It does not have to have equivalent duties. Transfer to an alternative position may include altering an existing job to accommodate better the employee's need for intermittent leave or a reduced work schedule.
(2) CFRA leave, including intermittent leave and/or reduced work schedules, is available to instructional employees of educational establishments and institutions under the same conditions as apply to all other eligible employees.
Government Code 12935(a)
Stats. 1993, ch. 827, (AB 1460), Section 2
Government Code 12945.2
Stats. 1993, ch. 827 (AB 1460), Section 2
Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.
29 C.F.R. 825
(Amended by Register 2013, No. 40.)