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Manhattan Beach USD |  BP  4020  Personnel

Drug And Alcohol-Free Workplace   

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The Governing Board believes that the maintenance of a drug- and alcohol-free workplace is essential to staff and student safety and to help ensure a productive and safe work and learning environment.

(cf. 4112.41/4212.41/4312.41 - Employee Drug Testing)

(cf. 4112.42/4212.42/4312.42 - Drug and Alcohol Testing for School Bus Drivers)

An employee shall not unlawfully manufacture, distribute, dispense, possess, or use any controlled substance in the workplace. (Government Code 8355; 41 USC 701)

In addition, employees are prohibited from being under the influence of controlled substances or alcoholic beverage while on duty. For purposes of this policy, on duty means while an employee is on duty during both instructional and non-instructional time in the classroom or workplace, at extracurricular or co-curricular activities, or while transporting students or otherwise supervising them. Under the influence means that the employee's capabilities are adversely or negatively affected, impaired, or diminished to an extent that impacts the employee's ability to safely and effectively perform his/her job.

These prohibitions apply before, during and after school hours. A school district workplace is any place where school district work is performed, any school-owned or school-approved vehicle used to transport students to and from school or school activities; any off-school sites when accommodating a school-sponsored or school-approved activity or function where students are under district jurisdiction; or during any period of time when an employee is supervising students on behalf of the district or otherwise engaged in district business.

The Superintendent or designee shall notify employees of the district's prohibition against drug use and the actions that will be taken for violation of such prohibition. (Government Code 8355; 41 USC 701)

An employee shall abide by the terms of this policy and notify the district, within five days, of his/her conviction for violation in the workplace of any criminal drug statute. (Government Code 8355; 41 USC 701)

The Superintendent or designee shall notify the appropriate federal granting or contracting agencies within 10 days after receiving notification, from an employee or otherwise, of any conviction for a violation occurring in the workplace. (41 USC 701)

41 USC 703 requires the district, within 30 days of receiving notification from an employee of his/her conviction of a controlled substance offense, to either discipline the employee or require him/her to complete a drug rehabilitation program as specified below. Pursuant to Education Code 44940 and 45304, when a certificated or classified employee is charged with a controlled substance offense as defined in Education Code 44011, the district must place the employee on a mandatory leave of absence. If the employee is ultimately convicted of the offense, Education Code 44836 and 45123 require the employee to be dismissed.

In accordance with law and the district's collective bargaining agreements, the Superintendent or designee shall take appropriate disciplinary action, up to and including termination, against an employee for violating the terms of this policy and/or shall require the employee to satisfactorily participate in and complete a drug assistance or rehabilitation program approved by a federal, state, or local health or law enforcement agency or other appropriate agency.

(cf. 4112 - Appointment and Conditions of Employment)

(cf. 4117.4 - Dismissal)

(cf. 4118 - Suspension/Disciplinary Action)

(cf. 4212 - Appointment and Conditions of Employment)

(cf. 4218 - Dismissal/Suspension/Disciplinary Action)

Drug-Free Awareness Program

The Superintendent or designee shall establish a drug- and alcohol-free awareness program to inform employees about: (Government Code 8355, USC 701)

1. The dangers of drug and alcohol abuse in the workplace

2. The district's policy of maintaining a drug-free workplace

3. Available drug and alcohol counseling, rehabilitation, and employee assistance programs

(cf. 4159/4259/4359 - Employee Assistance Programs)

4. The penalties that may be imposed on employees for drug and alcohol abuse violations occurring in the workplace

Legal Reference:


44011 Controlled substance offense

44425 Conviction of controlled substance offenses as grounds for revocation of credential

44836 Employment of certificated persons convicted of controlled substance offenses

44940 Compulsory leave of absence for certificated persons

44940.5 Procedures when employees are placed on compulsory leave of absence

45123 Employment after conviction of controlled substance offense

45304 Compulsory leave of absence for classified persons


8350-8357 Drug-free workplace


7111-7117 Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities Act


812 Schedule of controlled substances


701-707 Drug-Free Workplace Act


1308.01-1308.49 Schedule of controlled substances


Cahoon v. Governing Board of Ventura USD, (2009) 171 Cal.App.4th 381

Ross v. RagingWire Telecommunications, Inc., (2008) 42 Cal.4th 920

Management Resources:


California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs:

California Department of Education:

U.S. Department of Labor:


adopted: September 5, 2007 Manhattan Beach, California

revised: November 3, 2010

revised: February 2, 2011