(a) It is the intent of the Legislature that California's public institutions of higher education shall establish nonresident student tuition policies that are consistent with their resident student fee policies. Nonresident student tuition shall be determined by each of the public postsecondary segments through the adoption of a methodology that annually establishes the nonresident student tuition rate. It is further the intent of the Legislature that, while the public institutions are to be provided flexibility in establishing their nomesident tuition, under no circumstances shall the level of nomesident tuition plus required fees fall below the marginal cost of instruction for that segment.
(b) The following state policies regarding nomesident student tuition are hereby established:
(1) Unless otherwise prescribed by statute, an admission fee and rate of tuition fixed by each public postsecondary governing board shall be required of each nomesident student. Each public postsecondary education governing body shall develop its own methodology for establishing the nomesident tuition level and its annual adjustment level of nomesident student tuition, unless otherwise prescribed by statute.
(2) As California's public postsecondary education segments annually adjust the level of nomesident tuition they charge out-of-state students, the nonresident tuition methodologies they develop and we should take into consideration, at minimum, the following two factors:
(A) For the University of California and the California State University, the total nomesident charges imposed by each of their public comparison institutions, as identified by the California Postsecondary Education Commission.
(B) The full average cost of instruction of their segment.
(3) It is the intent of the Legislature that under no circumstances shall an institution's level of nomesident tuition plus required student fees fall below the marginal cost of instruction for that segment.
(4) The University of California, the California State University, the Hastings College of the Law, and the California Maritime Academy should endeavor to ensure that increases in the level of nomesident tuition are gradual, moderate, and predictable by providing nomesident students with a minimum of a 10-month notice of tuition increases.
(c) No provision of this section shall be applicable to the California Community Colleges.
(d) In the event that state revenues and expenditures are substantially imbalanced due to factors unforeseen by the Governor and the Legislature, including, but not limited to, initiative measures, natural disasters, or sudden deviations from expected economic trends, the nomesident student tuition at the University of California, the California State University, the Hastings College of the Law, and the California Maritime Academy, shall not be subject to this section.
(Amended by Stats. 1993, Ch. 8, Sec. 14.)