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Chapter 4. Employees Subchapter 1. Equal Employment Opportunity Programs Article 1. General Definitions   

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As used in this subchapter:

(a) Adverse Impact. "Adverse impact" means that a statistical measure (such as those outlined in the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's "Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures") is applied to the effects of a selection procedure and demonstrates a disproportionate negative impact on any group defined in terms of ethnic group identification, gender, or disability. A disparity identified in a given selection process will not be considered to constitute adverse impact if the numbers involved are too small to permit a meaningful comparison.

(b) Business Necessity. "Business necessity" means circumstances which justify an exception to the requirements of section 53021(b)(1) because compliance with that section would result in substantial additional financial cost to the district or pose a significant threat to human life or safety. Business necessity requires greater financial cost than does mere business convenience. Business necessity does not exist where there is an alternative that will serve business needs equally well.

(c) Equal Employment Opportunity. "Equal employment opportunity" means that all qualified individuals have a full and fair opportunity to compete for hiring and promotion and to enjoy the benefits of employment with the district. Equal employment opportunity should exist at all levels and in all job categories listed in section 53004(a). Ensuring equal employment opportunity also involves creating an environment which fosters cooperation, acceptance, democracy, and free expression of ideas and is welcoming to men and women, persons with disabilities, and individuals from all ethnic and other groups protected from discrimination by this subchapter.

(d) Equal Employment Opportunity Plan. An "equal employment opportunity plan" is a written document in which a district's work force is analyzed and specific plans and procedures are set forth for ensuring equal employment opportunity.

(e) Equal Employment Opportunity Programs. "Equal employment opportunity programs" means all the various methods by which equal employment opportunity is ensured. Such methods include, but are not limited to, using nondiscriminatory employment practices, actively recruiting, monitoring and taking additional steps consistent with the requirements of section 53006.

(f)(1) Ethnic Minorities. "Ethnic minorities" means American Indians or Alaskan natives, Asians or Pacific Islanders, Blacks/African-Americans, and Hispanics/Latinos.

(2) Ethnic Group Identification. "Ethnic group identification" means an individual's identification in one or more of the ethnic groups reported to the Chancellor pursuant to section 53004. These groups shall be more specifically defined by the Chancellor consistent with state and federal law.

(g) Goals for Persons with Disabilities. "Goals for persons with disabilities" means a statement that the district will strive to attract and hire additional qualified persons with a disability in order to achieve the level of projected representation for that group by a target date established by taking into account the expected turnover in the work force and the availability of persons with disabilities who are qualified to perform a particular job. Goals are not "quotas" or rigid proportions.

(h) In-house or Promotional Only Hiring. "In-house or promotional only" hiring means that only existing district employees are allowed to apply for a position.

(i) Monitored Group. "Monitored group" means those groups identified in section 53004(b) for which monitoring and reporting is required pursuant to section 53004(a).

(j) Person with a Disability. "Person with a disability" means any person who (1) has a physical or mental impairment as defined in Government Code section 12926 which limits one or more of such person's major life activities, (2) has a record of such an impairment, or (3) is regarded as having such an impairment. A person with a disability is "limited" if the condition makes the achievement of the major life activity difficult.

(k) Projected Representation. "Projected representation" means the percentage of persons from a monitored group determined by the Chancellor to be available and qualified to perform the work in question.

(l) Reasonable Accommodation. "Reasonable accommodation" means the efforts made on the part of the district to remove artificial or real barriers which prevent or limit the employment and upward mobility of persons with disabilities. "Reasonable accommodations" may include the items designated in section 53025.

(m) Screening or Selection Procedure. "Screening or selection procedure" means any measure, combination of measures, or procedure used as a basis for any employment decision. Selection procedures include the full range of assessment techniques, including but not limited to, traditional paper and pencil tests, performance tests, and physical, educational, and work experience requirements, interviews, and review of application forms.

(n) Significantly Underrepresented Group. "Significantly underrepresented group" means any monitored group for which the percentage of persons from that group employed by the district in any job category listed in section 53004(a) is below eighty percent (80%) of the projected representation for that group in the job category in question.

(o) Target Date. "Target date" means a point in time by which the district plans to meet an established goal for persons with disabilities and thereby achieve projected representation in a particular job category.

(p) Timetable. "Timetable" means a set of specific annual hiring objectives that will lead to meeting a goal for persons with a disability by a projected target date.

Authority cited:

Education Code 66271.1

Education Code 66700

Education Code 70901

Government 11138


Statutes of 1988, Chapter 923, 4

Statutes of 1988, Chapter 923 66010.2

Statutes of 1988, Chapter 923 66030

Statutes of 1988, Chapter 923 66071

Statutes of 1988, Chapter 923 66270

Education Code 87360

Government Code 11135-11139.5

Government Code 11092

Government Code 12926

29 C.F.R. 1602.48 (1981)

29 C.F.R. 1607

29 U.S.C. 793

41 C.F.R. 60-741.2 (1980)

(Amended by Register 2003, No. 46)