Petaluma City Schools | BB 9323 Board Bylaws
All Board of Education meetings shall begin on time and shall be guided by an agenda prepared and delivered in advance to all Board members and to other persons upon request.
(cf. 9322 - Agenda/Meeting Materials)
The Board president shall conduct Board meetings in accordance with Board bylaws and procedures that enable the Board to efficiently consider issues and carry out the will of the majority.
(cf. 9121 - President)
The Board believes that late night meetings deter public participation, can affect the Board's decision-making ability, and can be a burden to staff. Regular Board meetings shall be adjourned no later than 11:00 p.m. unless extended to a specific time determined by a majority of the Board. The meeting shall be extended no more than once and may be adjourned to a later date.
(cf. 9320 - Meetings and Notices)
A majority of the number of filled positions on the Board constitutes a quorum. (Education Code 5095, 35165)
Unless otherwise provided by law, affirmative votes by a majority of all the membership of the Board are required to approve any action under consideration, regardless of the number of members present. (Education Code 35164)
(cf. 9323.2 - Actions by the Board)
According to an Attorney General opinion (61 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 243, 253 (1978)), members of a public body have a duty to vote on issues before them so that the public is represented and receives the services which the public body was created to provide. When abstentions do occur, under the general parliamentary rule, they are counted as agreeing with the action taken by the majority of those who vote, whether affirmatively or negatively. (66 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 336, 337 (1983)) However, a majority of all of the membership of the Board must vote affirmatively in order to approve any action.
The Board believes that when no conflict of interest requires abstention, its members have a duty to vote on issues before them. When a member abstains, his/her abstention shall be considered to concur with the action taken by the majority of those who vote, whether affirmatively or negatively.
(cf. 9270 - Conflict of Interest)
Members of the public are encouraged to attend Board meetings and to address the Board concerning any item on the agenda or within the Board's jurisdiction. So as not to inhibit public participation, persons attending Board meetings shall not be requested to sign in, complete a questionnaire, or otherwise provide their name or other information as a condition of attending the meeting.
In order to conduct district business in an orderly and efficient manner, the Board requires that public presentations to the Board comply with the following procedures:
1. The Board shall give members of the public an opportunity to address the Board either before or during the Board's consideration of each item of business to be discussed at regular or special meetings. (Education Code 35145.5, Government Code 54954.3)
2. At a time so designated on the agenda, members of the public may bring before the Board, at a regular meeting, matters that are not listed on the agenda. The Board may refer such a matter to the Superintendent or designee or take it under advisement, but shall not take action at that time except as allowed by law. The matter may be placed on the agenda of a subsequent meeting for action or discussion by the Board. (Education Code 35145.5, Government Code 54954.2)
3. Without taking action, Board members or district staff members may briefly respond to statements made or questions posed by the public about items not appearing on the agenda. Additionally, on their own initiative or in response to questions posed by the public, a Board or staff member may ask a question for clarification, make a brief announcement, or make a brief report on his/her own activities. (Government Code 54954.2)
Furthermore, the Board or a Board member may provide a reference to staff or other resources for factual information, ask staff to report back to the Board at a subsequent meeting concerning any matter, or take action directing staff to place a matter of business on a future agenda. (Government Code 54954.2)
4. The Board need not allow the public to speak on any item that has already been considered by a committee composed exclusively of Board members at a public meeting where the public had the opportunity to address the committee on that item. However, if the Board determines that the item has been substantially changed since the committee heard it, the Board shall provide an opportunity for the public to speak. (Government Code 54954.3)
(cf. 9130 - Board Committees)
5. A person wishing to be heard by the Board shall first be recognized by the president and then proceed to comment as briefly as the subject permits.
Individual speakers shall be allowed four minutes to address the Board on each agenda or nonagenda item. The Board shall limit the total time for public comment to 20 minutes. With the Board's consent, the president may increase or decrease the time allowed for public comment, depending on the topic and the number of persons wishing to be heard. The president may take a poll of speakers for or against a particular topic and may ask that additional persons speak only if they have something new to add. To ensure that matters of interest to the community can be brought to the Board's attention in a timely fashion, at each meeting the president shall give first priority to persons who wish to address the Board on topics that have not been presented during public comment at any meeting in the preceding three months.
6. The Board president may rule on the appropriateness of a topic. If the topic would be more suitably addressed at a later time, the president may indicate the time and place when it should be presented.
The Board shall not prohibit public criticism of its policies, procedures, programs, services, acts or omissions. (Government Code 54954.3) In addition, the Board may not prohibit public criticism of district employees.
Whenever a member of the public initiates specific complaints or charges against an employee, the Board president shall inform the complainant that in order to protect the employee's right to adequate notice before a hearing of such complaints and charges, and also to preserve the ability of the Board to legally consider the complaints or charges in any subsequent evaluation of the employee, it is the policy of the Board to hear such complaints or charges in closed session unless otherwise requested by the employee pursuant to Government Code 54957.
(cf. 1312.1 - Complaints Concerning District Employees)
(cf. 9321 - Closed Session Purposes and Agendas)
7. The Board president shall not permit any disturbance or willful interruption of Board meetings. Persistent disruption by an individual or group shall be grounds for the chair to terminate the privilege of addressing the Board. The Board may remove disruptive individuals and order the room cleared if necessary; in this case, members of the media not participating in the disturbance shall be allowed to remain, and individual(s) not participating in such disturbances may be allowed to remain at the discretion of the Board. When the room is ordered cleared due to a disturbance, further Board proceedings shall concern only matters appearing on the agenda. (Government Code 54957.9) When such disruptive conduct occurs, the Superintendent or designee shall contact local law enforcement.
(cf. 9324 - Minutes and Recordings)
Recording by the Public
The Superintendent or designee shall designate locations from which members of the public may broadcast, photograph or tape record open meetings without causing a distraction.
If the Board finds that noise, illumination or obstruction of view related to these activities would persistently disrupt the proceedings, these activities shall be discontinued or restricted as determined by the Board. (Government Code 54953.5, 54953.6)
5095 Powers of remaining board members and new appointees
32210 Willful disturbance of public school or meeting a misdemeanor
35010 Prescription and enforcement of rules
35145.5 Agenda; public participation; regulations
35163 Official actions, minutes and journal
35164 Vote requirements
35165 Effect of vacancies upon majority and unanimous votes by seven member board
54953.5 Audio or video tape recording of proceedings
54953.6 Broadcasting of proceedings
54954.2 Agenda; posting; action on other matters
54954.3 Opportunity for public to address legislative body; regulations
54957 Closed sessions
54957.9 Disorderly conduct of general public during meeting; clearing of room
403 Disruption of assembly or meeting
McMahon v. Albany Unified School District, (2002) 104 Cal.App.4th 1275
Rubin v. City of Burbank, (2002) 101 Cal.App.4th 1194
Baca v. Moreno Valley Unified School District, (1996) 936 F.Supp. 719
ATTORNEY GENERAL OPINIONS
76 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 281 (1993)
66 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 336 (1983)
63 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 215 (1980)
61 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 243, 253 (1978)
55 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 26 (1972)
59 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 532 (1976)
The Brown Act: School Boards and Open Meeting Laws, rev. 2005
Board Presidents' Handbook, rev. 2002
Maximizing School Board Governance: Boardsmanship
ATTORNEY GENERAL PUBLICATIONS
The Brown Act: Open Meetings for Legislative Bodies, 2003
California Attorney General's Office: http://www.caag.state.ca.us
Bylaw PETALUMA CITY SCHOOLS
adopted: June 25, 2002 Petaluma, California
revised: March 27, 2007
revised: May 14, 2014
revised: December 13, 2016