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Legal Resources | Education Code |  EC  49414.5  

Emergency medical services; Diabetes   

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(a) In the absence of a credentialed school nurse or other licensed nurse onsite at the school, each school district may provide school personnel with voluntary emergency medical training to provide emergency medical assistance to pupils with diabetes suffering from severe hypoglycemia, and volunteer personnel shall provide this emergency care, in accordance with standards established pursuant to subdivision (b) and the performance instructions set forth by the licensed health care provider of the pupil. A school employee who does not volunteer or who has not been trained pursuant to subdivision (b) may not be required to provide emergency medical assistance pursuant to this subdivision.

(b) (1) The Legislature encourages the American Diabetes Association to develop performance standards for the training and supervision of school personnel in providing emergency medical assistance to pupils with diabetes suffering from severe hypoglycemia. The performance standards shall be developed in cooperation with the department, the California School Nurses Organization, the California Medical Association, and the American Academy of Pediatrics. Upon the development of the performance standards pursuant to this paragraph, the State Department of Health Services' Diabetes Prevention and Control Program shall approve the performance standards for distribution and make those standards available upon request.

(2) Training established pursuant to this subdivision shall include all of the following:

(A) Recognition and treatment of hypoglycemia.

(B) Administration of glucagon.

(C) Basic emergency followup procedures, including, but not limited to, calling the emergency 911 telephone number and contacting, if possible, the pupil's parent or guardian and licensed health care provider.

(3) Training by a physician, credentialed school nurse, registered nurse, or certificated public health nurse according to the standards established pursuant to this section shall be deemed adequate training for the purposes of this section.

(4) (A) A school employee shall notify the credentialed school nurse assigned to the school district if he or she administers glucagon pursuant to this section.

(B) If a credentialed school nurse is not assigned to the school district, the school employee shall notify the superintendent of the school district, or his or her designee, if he or she administers glucagon pursuant to this section.

(5) All materials necessary to administer the glucagon shall be provided by the parent or guardian of the pupil.

(c) In the case of a pupil who is able to self-test and monitor his or her blood glucose level, upon written request of the parent or guardian, and with authorization of the licensed health care provider of the pupil, a pupil with diabetes shall be permitted to test his or her blood glucose level and to otherwise provide diabetes self-care in the classroom, in any area of the school or school grounds, during any school-related activity, and, upon specific request by a parent or guardian, in a private location.

(d) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

(1) "School personnel" means any one or more employees of a school district who volunteers to be trained to administer emergency medical assistance to a pupil with diabetes.

(2) "Emergency medical assistance" means the administration of glucagon to a pupil who is suffering from severe hypoglycemia.

(Amended by Stats. 2005, Ch. 22, Sec. 42.)