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Article definitions   

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Unless the context otherwise requires, the definitions set forth in this section govern the construction of this article.

(a) "Impacted languages" means those primary languages spoken by pupils assessed as being limited-English proficient or who otherwise require bilingual instruction pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 51260), and for which the Superintendent of Public Instruction determines not later than August 1 of each year both of the following:

(1) That there is a lack of language arts and other subject content curriculum materials in each respective language group with pupil populations which are sufficient to implement a basic bilingual education program pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 52163.

(2) That there is an insufficient number of persons possessing bilingual credentials or certificates of competence to provide bilingual instruction in each respective language pursuant to the requirements of Article 3 (commencing with Section 52160). It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this article to authorize school districts to implement impacted language programs in which instruction is provided by language development specialists in accordance with the requirements of this article in lieu of programs in bilingual-crosscultural instructional programs prescribed by Section 52165.

(b) "Impacted language program" is a program of self-contained classroom instruction for pupils from impacted language groups which, at a minimum, consists of one hour per instructional day of English language development in addition to basic skills and subject content instruction which involves bilingual-crosscultural teacher aides or impacted language liaisons and which utilizes a modified curriculum which is capable of meeting the language and instructional needs of these pupils. To the extent feasible, appropriate primary language instruction shall be designed to facilitate basic skills and subject content instruction by a language development specialist.

(c) "Impacted language liaison" means a person employed by a school district in a noninstructional capacity who is fluent in the primary language of the pupils in one of the impacted language groups affected and who possesses receptive and productive English language skills which will enable that person to facilitate communication between classroom teachers and impacted language pupils and communication between the school and parents of these pupils.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1364, Sec. 2.)