San Mateo-Foster City SD | BP 5116.1 Students
The Board of Trustees desires to provide enrollment options that meet the diverse needs and interests of district students and parents/guardians, while also balancing enrollment in order to maximize the efficient use of district facilities. The Superintendent or designee shall establish procedures for the selection and transfer of students among district schools in accordance with law, Board policy, and administrative regulation.
(cf. 5117 - Interdistrict Attendance)
Students shall be assigned to a school based on their home address within the attendance area for the school. Following completion of elementary school, students shall be assigned to attend a middle school based on their home address. School attendance areas may include addresses from North Central in San Mateo pursuant to the district's desegregation program. Students may also be assigned to a school based on an approved intradistrict transfer, assignment to a specialized program, or for administrative reasons.
It is the intent of the Board to provide parents with alternatives to enrollment in the neighborhood school through the intradistrict transfer process, offering magnet school programs with specific themes and choice transfers.
The parents/guardians of any student who resides within district boundaries may apply to enroll their child in any district school, regardless of the location of residence within the district. (Education Code 35160.5)
(cf. 5111.1 - District Residency)
(cf. 5111.12 - Residency Based on Parent/Guardian Employment)
(cf. 5111.13 - Residency for Homeless Children)
No student currently residing within a school's attendance area shall be displaced by another student transferring from outside the attendance area. (Education Code 35160.5)
(cf. 5116 - School Attendance Boundaries)
The Superintendent or designee shall grant priority to any district student to attend another district school, outside of his/her attendance area as follows:
1. Any student enrolled in a district school that has been identified on the state's Open Enrollment List. (Education Code 48354)
(cf. 5118 - Open Enrollment Act Transfers)
2. Any student enrolled in a district school receiving Title I funds that has been identified for program improvement (PI), corrective action, or restructuring. (20 USC 6316)
(cf. 0420.4 - Charter Schools)
(cf. 0520.2 - Title I Program Improvement Schools)
(cf. 6171 - Title I Programs)
(cf. 0450 - Comprehensive Safety Plan)
4. Any student who is a victim of a violent crime while on school grounds. (20 USC 7912)
5. Upon a finding that special circumstances exist that might be harmful or dangerous to the student in the current attendance area. Special circumstances, include, but are not limited to, threats of bodily harm or threats to the emotional stability of the student. Any such student may transfer to a district school that is at capacity and otherwise closed to transfers.
To grant priority under these circumstances, the Superintendent or designee must have received either: (Education Code 35160.5)
a. A written statement from a representative of an appropriate state or local agency, such as a law enforcement official, social worker, or a properly licensed or registered professional, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or marriage and family therapist
b. A court order, including a temporary restraining order and injunction
6. Any sibling of a student already in attendance in that school.
7. Any student whose parent/guardian is assigned to that school as his/her primary place of employment for 20 or more hours per week.
Application and Selection Process
In order to ensure that priorities for enrollment in district schools are implemented in accordance with law, applications for intradistrict transfers shall be submitted by the posted deadline of the school year preceding the school year for which the transfer is requested.
The Superintendent or designee shall calculate each school's capacity in a nonarbitrary manner using student enrollment and available space. (Education Code 35160.5)
Except for priorities listed above, the Superintendent or designee shall use a random, unbiased selection process to determine who shall be admitted whenever the school receives admission requests that are in excess of the school's capacity. (Education Code 35160.5)
Enrollment decisions shall not be based on a student's academic or athletic performance, except that existing entrance criteria for specialized schools or programs may be used provided that the criteria are uniformly applied to all applicants. Academic performance may be used to determine eligibility for, or placement in, programs for gifted and talented students. (Education Code 35160.5)
(cf. 6172 - Gifted and Talented Student Program)
Except as required by 20 USC 6316 for transfers out of Title I PI schools, the district shall not be obligated to provide transportation for students who attend school outside their attendance area.
(cf. 3250 - Transportation Fees)
(cf. 3540 - Transportation)
200 Prohibition against discrimination
35160.5 District policies; rules and regulations
35351 Assignment of students to particular schools
48200 Compulsory attendance
48204 Residency requirements for school attendance
48980 Notice at beginning of term
CODE OF REGULATIONS, TITLE 5
UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 20
6316 Transfers from program improvement schools
7912 Transfers from persistently dangerous schools
CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, TITLE 34
200.36 Dissemination of information
200.37 Notice of program improvement status, option to transfer
200.39 Program improvement, transfer option
200.42 Corrective action, transfer option
200.43 Restructuring, transfer option
200.44 Public school choice, program improvement schools
200.48 Transportation funding for public school choice
Crawford v. Huntington Beach Union High School District, (2002) 98 Cal.App.4th 1275
ATTORNEY GENERAL OPINIONS
85 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 95 (2002)
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NONREGULATORY GUIDANCE
Public School Choice, January 2009
Unsafe School Choice Option, May 2004
California Department of Education, Unsafe School Choice Option: http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/ss/se/usco.asp
U.S. Department of Education, No Child Left Behind: http://www.nclb.gov
Policy SAN MATEO-FOSTER CITY SCHOOL DISTRICT
adopted: June 5, 2014 Foster City, California