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Santa Paula USD |  BP  6145.3  Instruction

Gender Equity In Participation   

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1.0 Authority. Approval of the SPUSD Board is required for the adding or dropping of sports programs. The Athletic Director shall be responsible for developing recommendations and justification consistent with the requirements of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.

2.0 Gender Equity in Participation. The athletic department shall annually monitor the percentage of males and females participating in the athletic program compared with the percentage of males and females in the general student population.

2.1 If one sex is underrepresented to the extent that adding an additional team will remedy the underrepresentation, being responsive to meeting identified interest and abilities of the underrepresented sex shall receive priority attention with regard to adding new sports.

2.2 No sport may be dropped if doing so will create a situation in which one gender becomes underrepresented or becomes increasingly underrepresented.

2.3 Any member of the "underrepresented sex" (the sex that has the fewest opportunities overall sports considered) shall be provided an opportunity to try out for and be selected on the same skill and ability basis as a team that is offered for members of the overrepresented sex (even if the team involves a contact sport) and that player is not provided with a team consisting of participants of the player's own sex.

3.0 Roster Management. The Athletic Director shall be responsible for establishing roster limits (maximum allowable participants) for each boys' and girls' team that will enable the athletic program to maintain the percentage of males and females participating in the athletic program that is equal to the percentage of males and females in the general student population.

3.1 Acceptable Percentage Difference. There is no fixed acceptable percentage difference. Rather, an acceptable percentage difference is when the number of athletes of the underrepresented gender is less than the size of any team that could be added. This "less than the size of any team that could be added" represents the degree of flexibility in the roster management system. Thus, when all sports are considered, teams may be somewhat over or under their respective roster limits as long as the total overage for all teams is less than the size of any team that could be added for the underrepresented sex.

3.2 Maintaining Equal Proportions of Athletes Within Each Competition Level. The roster management system must also insure that equal proportions of males and females are accommodated within each competition level (i.e., if 30 percent of all boys are provided Varsity opportunities, 30 percent of all female should be provided with Varsity opportunities.

3.3 Counting Rules. Generally, the team's sport eligibility form should be used for participant counts. Any athlete cleared to participate and who actually participate in practices, whether or not the athlete actually competes, should be counted.

3.3.1 Date of Counting. All athletes who are listed on a team's squad or eligibility list and are on the team as of the team's first competitive event are counted as participants.

Note: the first day of season is a measure of convenience and form rather than substance.

3.3.2 Definition of Participant. Participants are those athletes:

(a) Who are receiving the institutionally-sponsored support normally provided to athletes competing at the institution involved (e.g., coaching, equipment, medical and training room services) on a regular basis during a sport's season; and

(b) Who are participating in organized practice sessions and other team meetings and activities on a regular basis during a sport's season; and

(c) Who are listed on the eligibility or squad lists maintained for each sport.

3.3.3 Cheerleaders, Managers and Male Practice Players. Cheerleaders and managers do not count. Male practice players on girls' teams who receive all the benefits of athletics program except eligibility to compete, do not count as females but count as male athlete participants.

4.0 Monitoring Interest of Underrepresented Gender. The athletic department shall annually monitor developing interests and abilities of the underrepresented sex by conducting periodic nondiscriminatory assessments as follows:

a. Review participation in the institution's ASB, club sport and intramural sports programs

b. Conduct student interest surveys on at least a once-every-two-years basis

c. Examine the feasibility of adding sports in which league or CIF championships are offered but that the institution is not currently sponsoring

d. Review the sports programs in high schools within the normal geographical playing area of SPHS

e. Review open amateur clubs within the normal geographical playing area of SPHS

f. Review petitions or letters requesting the addition of varsity sports

g. Review the open amateur sport participation history of currently enrolled students

5.0 Assessing Viability of New Sport Programs. Neither a poor competitive record of a club team nor the inability of currently interested students or admitted students to play at the same level of competition engaged in by the institution's current varsity teams shall be considered evidence of lack of ability. Rather, the athletic department shall determine whether recruiting interested students, providing summer programs, physical education elective classes or workshops to assist the underrepresented gender in developing skills and confidence in trying out for athletic teams, and providing the same recruiting budget, treatment, and benefits afforded current varsity, junior varsity or freshmen teams would have the potential to sustain an interscholastic team. All of the following factors shall be examined in determining priorities among sports considered:

a. Number of participants expected to participate in the new sport program in relation to the participation gap of the underrepresented gender

b. Cost of adding the sport program including salaries for coaches and additional support personnel, equipment, travel, and other operating expenses, noting that lack of financial resources is not an acceptable reason for providing unequal opportunities to members of the underrepresented gender

c. Quality of existing facilities or facilities that would have to be improved or added to accommodate the sport

d. Location of available competition, compared to the geographical location of regular season competition of current varsity, junior varsity or freshmen teams

e. Availability of postseason interscholastic or open amateur sport championship opportunities

6.0 Process for Adding Teams. The Athletic Director shall be responsible for performing due diligence as described in section 4.0 and 5.0 and shall present his or her recommendations to SPUSD for consideration. Such recommendations shall include a four-year projected budget, a timetable for adding the team, and an analysis of the effect of such an addition on compliance with Title IX. If approved by the SPUSD, the new team shall be established in the next academic year.

7.0 Process for Dropping Teams. The Athletic Director shall be responsible for submitting a report to the SPUSD Board that contains all of the following information on the team proposed to be dropped from the interscholastic athletic program:

a. Complete history of the program and rationale for dropping the team

b. Proposed timeline for the process

c. Description of the effect on current student-athletes and staff

d. Evaluation of how dropping the sport will effect Title IX compliance

e. Analysis of budgetary ramifications of dropping the sport and a plan for reallocation of money saved

f. Evaluation of the effect on athletic program fund-raising, particularly with regard to major athletic program or SPUSD donors

g. Anticipated effect on alumni involvement

h. Any other predicted ramifications


adopted: September 2, 2015 Santa Paula, California