Article 1.7 Award Programs Linked to the Academic Performance Index (API) General Eligibility Criteria for Award Programs Related to API Growth
(a) For purposes of this Article, "schools" shall be defined as all schools, including charter schools, that receive a ranking on the API including schools participating in the Immediate Intervention Underperforming Schools Program. These schools are eligible to participate in the award programs identified in Section 1031.
(b) For the purposes of these award programs, the API shall be the measure of accountability for all schools, except those that fall under the alternative accountability system, once such a system is adopted by the State Board of Education as required by Education Code section 52052(g). The Superintendent of Public Instruction will develop an alternative accountability system for schools with fewer than 100 valid test scores, schools that fall under the jurisdiction of a county board of education or a county superintendent of schools, community day schools, and alternative schools, including continuation high schools and independent study schools.
Alternative schools may elect to be part of the API accountability system for the purposes of awards and interventions pursuant to the API. If the school elects to be part of the API accountability system, the school shall remain in the system for at least the three subsequent years.
(c) For the purposes of these award programs, growth API means the API in the second year of two consecutive years for which the API is calculated.
(d) In 2001 and subsequent years, a school's API shall be considered invalid under any of the following circumstances:
(1) The local educational agency notifies the California Department of Education (department) that there were adult testing irregularities at the school affecting 5% or more of the pupils tested.
(2) The local educational agency notifies the department that the API is not representative of the pupil population at the school.
(3) The local educational agency notifies the department that the school has experienced a significant demographic change in pupil population between the base year and growth year, and that the API between years is not comparable.
(4) The school's proportion of parental waivers compared to its Standardized Testing and Reporting Program (STAR) enrollment, pursuant to Education Code section 60640 et seq., is equal to or greater than 15 percent for the 2000 STAR. For the 2001 STAR and each subsequent STAR, the school's proportion of parental waivers compared to its STAR enrollment is equal to or greater than 10 percent, except when the school's proportion of parental waivers compared to its STAR enrollment is equal to or greater than 10 percent but less than 20 percent. In this case, the department will conduct standard statistical tests to determine whether the pupils tested at the school represent the school's pupils by grade level. If the standard statistical tests demonstrate that the pupils tested represent the school's pupils, then the school's API shall be considered valid. If the standard statistical tests demonstrate that the pupils tested do not represent the school's pupils, then the school's API shall be considered invalid. There shall be no rounding in determining this minimum parental waiver proportion (i.e., 9.99 percent is not 10 percent).
(5) In any content area tested pursuant to Education Code sections 60642 and 60642.5 and included in the API, the school's proportion of the number of test-takers in that content area compared with the total number of test-takers is less than 85 percent. There shall be no rounding in determining the proportion of test-takers in each content area (i.e., 84.99 percent is not 85 percent).
(6) If, at any time, information is made available to or obtained by the department that would lead a reasonable person to conclude that one or more of the preceding circumstances occurred. If after reviewing the information, the department determines that further investigation is warranted, the department may conduct an investigation to determine if the integrity of the API has been jeopardized.
The department may invalidate or withhold the school's API until such time that the department has satisfied itself that the integrity of the API has not been jeopardized.
(e) If a school's API is considered invalid pursuant to subdivisions (d)(1), (d)(2), (d)(4), or (d)(5), the school is ineligible for participation in any of the award programs for the current and subsequent year. If a school does not receive an API pursuant to subdivision (d)(3), the school is ineligible for participation in any of the award programs for the current year only.
(f) If fewer than 5% of the pupils tested are affected by adult testing irregularities, the school will receive a valid API, however, the school is not eligible for participation in any of the award programs for the current year.
(g) All schools that have an API score increase of at least 5% of the difference between the school's prior year score and 800 or an API score increase of five points, whichever is greater, and have comparable improvement as defined in subdivision (h), and meet the minimum participation rate in subdivision (i), shall be recognized through the Governor's Performance Award Program.
(h) Comparable improvement for numerically significant ethnic or socioeconomically disadvantaged subgroups pursuant to Education Code section 52052(a) shall be defined as an API score increase of at least 80% of the school's API growth target as established pursuant to Education Code section 52052 except when the sum of a subgroup's growth target and the subgroup's API is greater or equal to 800. In these cases, comparable improvement shall be defined as the distance from the subgroup's API to 800. In no case shall comparable improvement be less than 4 points.
(i) For elementary and middle schools, the minimum participation rate for the awards programs shall be 95 percent; for high schools, it shall be 90 percent, with the intention of increasing this rate to 95 percent in the future.
(1) If the test publisher determines, for grades 2 to 11, that a pupil did attempt to take any content area tested pursuant to Education Code sections 60642 and 60642.5 and included in the API, the pupil shall be counted as a test-taker.
(3) The participation rate shall be calculated as follows:
(A) Divide the total number of test-takers in grades 2-11 at the school site by
(B) The total enrollment in grades 2-11 minus the number of pupils exempted from taking the test either by their Individualized Education Program (IEP) pursuant to Education Code section 60640(e) or parental waivers pursuant to Education Code section 60615.
(4) For purposes of subdivision (3)(B) above, enrollment shall be determined by the enrollment information collected by the department as part of the Standardized Testing and Reporting Program (STAR), pursuant to Education Code sections 60640 et seq.
(5) In the case of pupil testing irregularities, the scores of affected pupils shall be eliminated from the calculations of the school's growth API, although the pupils are counted as tested and shall contribute to the school's participation rate.
(6) There shall be no rounding in determining this minimum participation rate (i.e., 94.9 percent does not equal 95 percent).
(j) The department will publish on its web site a report of STAR testing and demographic data used in the calculation and reporting of the API. Prior to publishing the report on its web site, the department will announce the report in writing and/or by electronic communication to each local educational agency that appears in the API report. The local educational agency must notify the department and the test publisher via e-mail or in writing whether there are errors in the STAR testing or demographic data. The local education agency's notification must be received by the department and the test publisher within thirty (30) calendar days of the initial date of publication of the STAR testing and demographic data on the department's web-site. The local educational agency must submit all data corrections to the test publisher in writing or e-mail. The test publisher shall specify a deadline for submittal of the data corrections that is no less than forty-five (45) calendar days after the date of publication of the STAR testing and demographic data.
(k) The criteria for awards eligibility based on the 2001 growth API for a school that had its 2000 API invalidated solely because of excessive parental waivers pursuant to subdivision (d)(4) or for a school whose school district obtained a State Board of Education waiver of Section 1032(c) on their behalf will be (1) twice the school's 1999 growth target or 10 points, whichever is greater, and (2) comparable improvement for numerically significant ethnic or socioeconomically disadvantaged subgroups pursuant to Education Code section 52052(a), and the school has met all other 2001 eligibility criteria. Comparable improvement shall be defined as twice the 1999 subgroup target for each subgroup, except when the sum of a subgroup's 1999 growth target and the subgroup's 1999 API is greater than or equal to 800. In these cases, comparable improvement shall be defined as two times the distance from the subgroup's 1999 API to 800. In no case shall comparable improvement be less than 8 points. While being eligible for the Governor's Performance Awards, such a school would not be eligible for awards under the Certificated Staff Performance Incentive Act (Education Code sections 44650 et seq.).
Education Code 33031
Education Code 44650(b)
Education Code 52057(a)
Education Code 44654(b)
Education Code 52052
Education Code 52057
(Amended by Register 2002, No. 2)