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Sweetwater Un HSD |  AR  4032  Personnel

Reasonable Accommodation   

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Definitions

Disability, with respect to an individual, is defined as any of the following: (Government Code 12926; 29 CFR 1630.2)

1. A physical or mental impairment that limits one or more of the major life activities

2. A record of such an impairment

3. Being regarded as having such an impairment

Limits shall be determined without regard to mitigating measures such as medications, assistive devices, prosthetics or reasonable accommodations, unless the mitigating measure itself limits a major life activity. (Government Code 12926)

Essential functions are the fundamental job duties of the position the individual with a disability holds or desires. The term does not include the marginal functions of the position. (29 CFR 1630.2)

Reasonable accommodations that an employer may need to provide in connection with modifications to the work environment or adjustments in how and when a job is performed that enable an individual with a disability to enjoy equal employment opportunities include, but are not limited to: (29 CFR 1630.2)

1. Making existing facilities accessible and usable

2. Restructuring the job duties

3. Offering part-time or modified work schedules

4. Acquiring or modifying equipment or devices

5. Changing tests, training materials or policies

6. Providing qualified readers or interpreters

7. Reassigning the employee to a vacant position

Qualified individual with a disability means an individual with a disability who satisfies the requisite skill, experience, education and other job-related requirements of the employment position and who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of such position. (29 CFR 1630.2)

Undue hardship is a determination based on an individualized assessment of current circumstances that shows that a specific reasonable accommodation would cause significant difficulty or expense. A determination of undue hardship should be based on several factors, including: (29 CFR 1630.2)

1. The nature and net cost of the accommodation needed, taking into consideration the availability of tax credits and deductions and/or outside funding

2. The overall financial resources of the facility making the reasonable accommodation, the number of persons employed at this facility, the effect on expenses and resources of the facility, or the impact on the operations of the facility

3. The overall financial resources, size, number of employees, and the number, type and location of facilities of the district

4. The type of operation of the district, including the structure and functions of the workforce, the geographic separateness, and the administrative or fiscal relationship of the facility involved in making the accommodation

5. The impact of the accommodation on the operation of the facility, including the impact on the ability of other employees to perform their duties and the impact on the facility's ability to conduct business.

Requests for Reasonable Accommodation

The district designates the Director of Risk Management as the coordinator of its efforts to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and to investigate any and all related complaints.

(cf. 4030 - Nondiscrimination in Employment)

(cf. 4031 - Complaints Concerning Discrimination in Employment)

When requesting reasonable accommodation, the employee or employee's representative shall inform the employee's supervisor that he/she needs a change at work for a reason related to a medical condition.

When requesting reasonable accommodation during the hiring process, a job applicant shall inform the coordinator that he/she will need a reasonable accommodation for the process.

Employees' requests for reasonable accommodation may first be considered informally by the site administrator. The site administrator shall consult with the coordinator before any decision as to accommodation is made.

When the disability and/or the need for accommodation is not obvious, the coordinator will ask the employee to supply reasonable documentation about his/her disability. In requesting this documentation, the coordinator shall specify the types of information that are being sought about the employee's condition, the employee's functional limitations and the need for reasonable accommodation. The employee may be asked to sign a limited release allowing the district to submit a list of specific questions to the health care or vocational professional.

If the documentation submitted by the employee does not specify the existence of a qualifying disability and explain the need for reasonable accommodation, the district may require the employee to submit to an examination by a health care professional selected and paid for by the district.

Upon receiving a request to reasonably accommodate a qualified employee with a disability, the coordinator shall:

1. Determine the essential functions of the job

2. Engage in an informal, interactive process with the employee to review the request for accommodation, identify the precise limitations resulting from the disability, identify potential means for providing accommodation, and assess their effectiveness

3. Develop a plan for reasonable accommodation which is effective and allows the employee to perform the essential functions of the job or to gain equal access to a benefit or privilege of employment and does not impose undue hardship on the district

To qualify for a job, an individual shall not pose a significant risk of substantial harm to himself/herself or others in the workplace which cannot be eliminated or reduced by reasonable accommodation. (29 CFR 1630.2)

The determination of whether an individual poses a significant risk of substantial harm to himself/herself or others shall be made on a case-by-case basis and shall be based on objective, factual evidence, taking into consideration the duration of the risks, the nature and severity of the potential harm, the likelihood that the potential harm will occur and the imminence of potential harm. (29 CFR 1630.2)

The coordinator may confer with the site administrator, a medical advisor and/or other district staff before making a final decision as to the accommodation.

Legal Reference:

CIVIL CODE

51 Unruh Civil Rights Act

GOVERNMENT CODE

12900-12996 Fair Employment and Housing Act

UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 29

701-794e Vocational Rehabilitation Act

UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 42

12101-12213 Americans with Disabilities Act

CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, TITLE 28

35.101-35.190 Americans with Disabilities Act, especially:

35.107 Designation of employee

36.101-36.608 Nondiscrimination on the basis of disability by public facilities

CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, TITLE 29

1630.2 Direct threat

COURT DECISIONS

Colmenares v. Braemar Country Club, Inc., 2003 Cal.LEXIS 1131

Chevron USA v. Echazabal, (2002) 536 U.S .73, 122 S.Ct. 2045

US Airways, Inc. v. Barnett, (2002) 535 U.S., 122 S.Ct. 1516

Management Resources:

EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION

Enforcement Guidance: Reasonable Accommodation and Undue Hardship under the Americans with Disabilities Act, October 2002

WEB SITES

EEOC: http://www.eeoc.gov

Department of Fair Employment and Housing: http://www.dfeh.ca.gov

Regulation SWEETWATER UNION HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT

approved: November 17, 2008 Chula Vista, California