topleft CSBA.org >  Services >  Governance Technology > 

Sweetwater Un HSD |  AR  5141.22  Students

Infectious Diseases   

arrow Previous bar Next arrow

The Superintendent or his/her designee shall immediately report to the local health officer the presence or suspected presence of any communicable disease. (17 CCR 2508)

Universal Precautions in the Classroom

Before students work with blood, blood products, or other body fluids, the teacher shall explain the potentially hazardous nature of blood and body fluids in the transmission of various agents from one person to another and the specific procedures and safety precautions to be used in the lesson.

The following precautions shall be used when students are working with blood or other body fluids:

1. Before and after exposure to blood or other body fluids, students shall wash their hands with soap and water and cover any existing cut, wound, or open sore with a sterile dressing.

2. Students shall wear gloves or other personal protective equipment as appropriate.

(cf. 5142 - Safety)

3. Blood typing or similar experiments may be conducted by teacher demonstrations. When being performed individually, students shall work with their own blood or use prepackaged ABO/Rh blood cell kits that have vials of blood previously tested for transmissible agents.

a. Students shall use individual sterile lancets for finger punctures and shall not reuse them.

b. Before the finger is punctured, it shall be wiped with a piece of cotton that has been immersed in alcohol.

c. If bleeding persists after the finger is punctured, the student shall apply a sterile bandage using moderate pressure.

4. Lancets and any other materials contaminated with blood or body fluids shall be discarded into a solution consisting of one part bleach to 10 parts water (1:10), made fresh daily.

5. At the end of the class, surfaces shall be wiped with alcohol or a solution of one part bleach to 10 parts water.

(cf. 4119.42/4219.42/4319.42 - Exposure Control Plan for Bloodborne Pathogens)

(cf. 4119.43/4219.43/4319.43 - Universal Precautions)

(cf. 6142.1 - Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention Instruction)

(cf. 6142.8 - Comprehensive Health Education)

(cf. 6142.93 - Science Instruction)

Infectious Disease Prevention

An employee with the knowledge of any identified cases of severe communicable, contagious, or infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS infection, among students, should notify the site administrator (or school nurse), as soon as possible, while maintaining the student's right to privacy.

The site administrator (or school nurse), with knowledge or a suspect case of any infectious disease, shall:

1. If the suspect case is identified as of urgent concern, promptly report the suspect case by telephone to the County Department of Public Health Services Medical and Nursing Office and to the Director of Student Support Services.

2. If the suspect case is of lesser urgency, telephone or mail a report to the medical and nursing office within one working day of identification of the case or suspected case and provide a copy to the Director of Student Support Services, for his/her information and such action as may be necessary at the district level.

3. If two cases of food-borne illness from separate households are suspected to have the same source of illness, immediately report by telephone to the medical and nursing office and the Director of Student Support Services.

4. In all other cases or suspected cases, report to the medical and nursing office and the Director of Student Services within seven calendar days from the identification.

Each case will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis by a district review panel appointed by the Director of Student Support Services as soon as reasonably possible after notification.

1. The panel should consider:

a. The nature of the risk (how the disease is transmitted)

b. The duration of the risk (how long the carrier is contagious or infections)

c. The severity of the risk (what is the potential for harm to other parties or to the infected person)

d. The probability the disease will be transmitted and will cause varying degrees of harm

e. The recommendation of the County Health Department, if available

2. A copy if the panel's report and recommendation will be provided to the student (or, if a minor, the student's parent/guardian) and the Director of Student Support Services.

The Director of Student Support Services or his/her designee should take reasonable steps to secure a written release of confidential medical and student information to members and agents of the procedural review process.

In the case of an HIV/AIDS infected student, the Board of Trustees will determine other appropriate course of action based on the recommendation of the review panel and the Director of Student Support Services.

Prior to exclusion, or as soon as reasonably possible after exclusion, the Board shall send a notice to the student (or, if a minor, the student's parent/guardian). The notice shall contain each of the following:

1. A statement of the facts leading to a decision to exclude the student (including the written direction of the County Health Department, if any).

2. A statement that the student (or if the student is a minor, the parent/guardian of the student), has a right to meet with the Board to discuss the exclusion.

3. A statement that at any meeting with the Board held to discuss such exclusion, the parent/guardian shall have an opportunity to inspect all documents which the Board relies on in its decision to exclude the student; to challenge any evidence and confront and question any witness presented by the Board; and to present oral and documentary evidence on the student's behalf, including witnesses. The statement shall also include notice that the parent/guardian may designate one or more representatives to be present with the parent/guardian at the meeting.

4. A statement that the decision to exclude the student is subject to periodic review and a statement of the procedures set by the Board for such periodic review.

Periodic Review of Decision to Exclude

A written request for review of the exclusion shall be submitted by the student (or, if a minor, the parent/guardian) to the Board, not sooner than, as determined by the review committee, the minimum amount of time necessary for the communicable, contagious, or infectious disease to cease to pose a threat to other employees, students, and visitors in offices, schools, and programs operated by the district.

The Board, through the Superintendent or designee, will convene a new review panel or reconvene the original panel.

1. The panel should reconsider at least:

a. The nature of the risk (how the disease is transmitted)

b. The duration of the risk (how long the carrier is contagious or infectious)

c. The severity of the risk (what is the potential for harm to other parties or to the infected person)

d. The probability the disease will be transmitted and will cause varying degrees of harm

e. The recommendation of the County Health Department, if available.

2. The student (if not a minor) or the parent/guardian shall have the opportunity to provide input for consideration by the review panel. This input may be presented orally and/or in writing.

The review panel should develop recommendations regarding the educational status of the student and within ten working days of its final meeting, it will prepare and forward written recommendations regarding the case to the student (or parent/guardian), Director of Student Support Services, and the Board. The Board will decide whether or not to continue the exclusion of the student.

The Board will determine the appropriate course of action based in part on medical advice and the recommendation of the review panel (including that of the County Health Department, if any). The Board's decision shall be communicated to the student (of not a minor) or the parent/guardian in writing.

The identity of the student will not be disclosed to the public or school personnel except to the extent necessary or permitted by law.

Regulation SWEETWATER UNION HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT

approved: November 17, 2008 Chula Vista, California