Vista USD | BP 6174 Instruction
Education For English Learners
The Board of Trustees intends to provide English language learners with challenging curriculum and instruction that develop proficiency in English while facilitating student achievement in the district's regular course of study.
The district shall identify in its local control and accountability plan (LCAP) goals and specific actions and services to enhance student engagement, academic achievement, and other outcomes for English learners.
The Superintendent or designee shall encourage parent/guardian and community involvement in the development and evaluation of programs for English learners.
English learners shall be provided English language development instruction targeted to their English proficiency level and aligned with the state content standards and curriculum framework. The district's program shall be based on sound instructional theory, use standards-aligned instructional materials, and assist students in accessing the full educational program.
The Superintendent or designee shall ensure that all staff employed to teach English learners possess the appropriate authorization from the Commission on Teacher Credentialing.
The district shall provide effective professional development to teachers (including teachers in classroom settings that are not the settings of language instruction educational programs), administrators, and other school or community-based organization personnel to improve the instruction and assessment of English learners and enhance staff's ability to understand and use curricula, assessment, and instructional strategies for English learners. Such professional development shall be of sufficient intensity and duration to produce a positive and lasting impact on teachers' performance in the classroom. (20 USC 6825)
To support students' English language development, the Superintendent or designee may provide an adult literacy training program that leads to English fluency for parents/guardians and community members.
Identification and Assessment
The Superintendent or designee shall maintain procedures for the accurate identification of English learners and an assessment of their proficiency and needs in the areas of listening, speaking, reading, and writing in English.
Once identified as an English learner, a student shall be annually assessed for language proficiency until he/she is reclassified based on criteria specified in the accompanying administrative regulation.
English learners' academic achievement in English language arts, mathematics, science, and any additional subject required by law shall be assessed using the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress. As necessary, the test shall be administered with testing variations in accordance with 5 CCR 853.5 and 853.7. English learners who are in their first 12 months of attending a school in the United States shall be exempted from taking the English language arts assessment to the extent allowed by federal law. (Education Code 60603, 60640; 5 CCR 853.5, 853.7)
Language Acquisition Programs
In establishing the district's language acquisition programs, the Superintendent or designee shall consult with parents/guardians and the community during the LCAP development process. He/she shall also consult with administrators, teachers, and other personnel with appropriate authorizations and experience in establishing a language acquisition program. (Education Code 305)
Language acquisition programs are educational programs that are designed to ensure English acquisition as rapidly and as effectively as possible and that provide instruction to students on the state-adopted academic content standards, including the English language development standards. The language acquisition programs provided to students shall be informed by research and shall lead to grade-level proficiency and academic achievement in both English and another language. (Education Code 306)
The district shall offer English learners a structured English immersion program to ensure that English learners have access to the core academic content standards, including the English language development standards, and become proficient in English. In the structured English immersion program, nearly all of the classroom instruction shall be provided in English, but with the curriculum and presentation designed for students who are learning English. (Education Code 305-306)
For the purpose of determining the amount of instruction to be conducted in English in the structured English immersion program, "nearly all" means that all classroom instruction shall be conducted in English except for clarification, explanation, and support as needed.
When an English learner is determined pursuant to state and district reclassification criteria to have acquired a reasonable level of English proficiency pursuant to Education Code 313 and 52164.6, or upon request by the student's parent/guardian, the student shall be transferred from a language acquisition program into an English language mainstream classroom.
To evaluate the effectiveness of the district's educational program for English learners, the Superintendent or designee shall report to the Board, at least annually, regarding:
1. Progress of English learners towards proficiency in English
2. The number and percentage of English learners reclassified as fluent English proficient
3. The number and percentage of English learners who are or are at risk of being classified as long-term English learners in accordance with Education Code 313.1
4. The achievement of English learners on standards-based tests in core curricular areas
5. Progress toward any other goals for English learners identified in the district's LCAP
6. A comparison of current data with data from at least the previous year
The Superintendent or designee also shall provide the Board with regular reports from any district or school wide English learner advisory committees.
1. The district may offer a dual-language immersion program that provides integrated language learning and academic instruction for native speakers of English and native speakers of another language, with the goals of high academic achievement, first and second language proficiency, and cross-cultural understanding.
2. The district may offer a transitional or developmental program for English learners that provides literacy and academic instruction in English and a student's native language and that enables an English learner to achieve English proficiency and academic mastery of subject matter content and higher order thinking skills, including critical thinking, in order to meet state academic content standards.
Parents/guardians of English learners may choose a language acquisition program that best suits their child. To the extent possible, any language acquisition program requested by the parents/guardians of 30 or more students at the school or by the parents/guardians of 20 or more students at any grade level shall be offered by the school. (Education Code 310)
At the beginning of each school year or upon a student's enrollment, parents/guardians shall be provided information on the types of language acquisition programs available to students enrolled in the district, including, but not limited to, a description of each program. (Education Code 310)
300-340 English language education, especially:
305-310 Language acquisition programs
313-313.5 Assessment of English proficiency
430-446 English Learner and Immigrant Pupil Federal Conformity Act
33050 State Board of Education waiver authority
42238.02-42238.03 Local control funding formula
44253.1-44253.11 Qualifications for teaching English learners
48980 Parental notifications
48985 Notices to parents in language other than English
52052 Numerically significant student subgroups
52060-52077 Local control and accountability plan
52130-52135 Impacted Languages Act of 1984
52160-52178 Bilingual Bicultural Act
56305 CDE manual on English learners with disabilities
60603 Definition, recently arrived English learner
60605.87 Supplemental instructional materials, English language development
60640 California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress
60810-60812 Assessment of language development
62005.5 Continuation of advisory committee after program sunsets
CODE OF REGULATIONS, TITLE 5
853.5-853.7 Test administration; universal tools, designated supports, and accommodations
11300-11316 English learner education
11510-11517 California English Language Development Test
UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 20
1412 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; state eligibility
1701-1705 Equal Educational Opportunities Act
6311 Title I state plan
6312 Title I local education agency plans
6801-7014 Title III, language instruction for English learners and immigrant students
CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, TITLE 34
100.3 Discrimination prohibited
200.16 Assessment of English learners
Valeria G. v. Wilson, (2002) 307 F.3d 1036
California Teachers Association v. State Board of Education et al., (9th Circuit, 2001) 271 F.3d 1141
McLaughlin v. State Board of Education, (1999) 75 Cal.App.4th 196
Teresa P. et al v. Berkeley Unified School District et al, (1989) 724 F.Supp. 698
ATTORNEY GENERAL OPINIONS
83 Ops.Cal.Atty.Gen. 40 (2000)
English Learners in Focus, Issue 1: Updated Demographic and Achievement Profile of California's English Learners, Governance Brief, rev. September 2016
English Learners in Focus, Issue 3: Ensuring High-Quality Staff for English Learners, Governance Brief, July 2016
English Learners in Focus, Issue 2: The Promise of Two-Way Immersion Programs, Governance Brief, September 2014
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PUBLICATIONS
Integrating the CA ELD Standards into K-12 Mathematics and Science Teaching and Learning, December 2015
Academic Criterion for Reclassification, CDE Correspondence, August 11, 2014
English Language Arts/English Language Development Framework for California Public Schools: Transitional Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve, 2014
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, rev. 2013
Next Generation Science Standards for California Public Schools, Kindergarten through Grade Twelve, 2013
English Language Development Standards for California Public Schools: Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve, 2012
Matrix of Test Variations, Accommodations, and Modifications for Administration of California Statewide Assessments
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PUBLICATIONS
Accountability for English Learners Under the ESEA, Non-Regulatory Guidance, January 2017
English Learner Tool Kit for State and Local Educational Agencies (SEAs and LEAs), rev. November 2016
English Learners and Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as Amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), Non-Regulatory Guidance, September 23, 2016
Dear Colleague Letter: English Learner Students and Limited English Proficient Parents, January 7, 2015
Assessment and Accountability for Recently Arrived and Former Limited English Proficient (LEP) Students, May 2007
California Association for Bilingual Education: http://www.gocabe.org
California Department of Education: http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/el
National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition: http://www.ncela.us
U.S. Department of Education: http://www.ed.gov
Policy VISTA UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT
adopted: June 23, 2011 Vista, California
revised: December 13, 2018